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Technology Generation and Technology Transfers in the World Economy: Recent Trends and Implications for Developing Countries

Author

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  • Kumar, Nagesh

    (United Nations University, Institute for New Technologies)

Abstract

This paper puts together new data on the technology generation and technology transfers in the world economy over the 1975-1995 period to examine the emerging trends and patterns. In particular we examine the trends in the country and corporate concentration in the technology generation in terms of indicators of R&D activity, patent ownership and receipts of technology fees and royalties against the background of emergence of new core technologies and the recent trend of corporate restructuring. It then examines trends and patterns in international technology transfers as represented by royalty and technology receipts by major source countries of technology and contrasts these trends with those in FDI inflows. Then trends with respect to the mode of technology transfer are discussed. The paper is concluded with a few observations for technology import policies of developing countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Kumar, Nagesh, 1997. "Technology Generation and Technology Transfers in the World Economy: Recent Trends and Implications for Developing Countries," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 1997-02, United Nations University - INTECH.
  • Handle: RePEc:unm:unuint:199702
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    File URL: https://www.merit.unu.edu/publications/discussion-papers/9702.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Franco, Eliane & Ray, Sangeeta & Ray, Pradeep Kanta, 2011. "Patterns of Innovation Practices of Multinational-affiliates in Emerging Economies: Evidences from Brazil and India," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 39(7), pages 1249-1260, July.
    2. Alberto Melo, 2001. "Los sistemas de innovación en América Latina y el Caribe," Research Department Publications 4284, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    3. repec:wip:wpaper:3 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Melo, Alberto, 2018. "The Innovation Systems of Latin America and the Caribbean," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1429, Inter-American Development Bank.
    5. Freeman, Chris, 2002. "Continental, national and sub-national innovation systems--complementarity and economic growth," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 191-211, February.
    6. Suma Athreye & Yong Yang, 2011. "Disembodied Knowledge Flows in the World Economy," WIPO Economic Research Working Papers 03, World Intellectual Property Organization - Economics and Statistics Division, revised Dec 2011.
    7. Banerjee, Rajabrata & Roy, Saikat Sinha, 2014. "Human capital, technological progress and trade: What explains India's long run growth?," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 15-31.
    8. Shih, Hsin-Yu & Chang, Pao-Long, 2009. "Industrial innovation networks in Taiwan and China: A comparative analysis," Technology in Society, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 176-186.
    9. Enrique Mendizabal & Pablo Lavado, 2005. "Capturing Social Protection for the Poor: the case of "soup kitchens" in Peru," Working Papers 05-12, Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico, revised Feb 2005.
    10. Alberto Melo, 2001. "The Innovation Systems of Latin America and the Caribbean," Research Department Publications 4283, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.

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