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R&D Rivalry, Industrial Policy, and U.S.-Japanese Trade


  • Audretsch, David B
  • Yamawaki, Hideki


The authors examine how the strategic aspect of Japanese research and development expenditures and industrial policies affected U.S.-Japanese bilateral trade during the late 1970s, and investigate which component of R&D--expenditures on process innovation, product quality improvements, new products and new technology, or technology transfer--proved to be most effective. They find that while Japanese R&D expenditures have generally promoted Japan's trade advantage, certain components of R&D have proved more effective than other. The depreciation subsidy and special status with the Ministry of International Trade and Industry is positively related to the Japanese trade performance, while legal cartelization status has not had any apparent effect. Copyright 1988 by MIT Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Audretsch, David B & Yamawaki, Hideki, 1988. "R&D Rivalry, Industrial Policy, and U.S.-Japanese Trade," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(3), pages 438-447, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:70:y:1988:i:3:p:438-47

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Lee, Hiro & D. Ramstetter, Eric & Movshuk, Oleksandr, 2005. "Restructuring of the steel industry in Northeast Asia," MPRA Paper 82287, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. William Milberg, 1999. "The Rhetoric of Policy Relevance in International Economics," Macroeconomics 9904009, EconWPA.
    3. Kumar, Nagesh, 1997. "Technology Generation and Technology Transfers in the World Economy: Recent Trends and Implications for Developing Countries," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 02, United Nations University - INTECH.
    4. Fragkiskos Filippaios & Marina Papanastassiou & Robert Pearce, 2003. "The evolution of US outward foreign direct investment in the pacific rim: a cross-time and country analysis," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(16), pages 1779-1787.
    5. Fu, Xiaowen & Oum, Tae Hoon & Chen, Ruowei & Lei, Zheng, 2015. "Dominant carrier performance and international liberalization – The case of Northeast Asia," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 61-75.
    6. Julien Berthoumieu & Viola Lamani, 2016. "Vertical Differentiation, Uncertainty, Product R&D and Policy Instruments in a North-South Duopoly," Working Papers hal-01285559, HAL.

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