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Le système alimentaire mondial est-il soluble dans le développement durable ?

Author

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  • Rastoin, J.L.

Abstract

In a process of world economic domination by an agro-industrial and agro-tertiary food system, the author wonders about the feasibility of an alternative model. The intensive agro-industrial model (financiarized, concentrated, specialized and globalized), allows remarkable results in terms of products prices and safety, but generates negative externalities. In the long term, this model could threat the food equilibrium of the populations and ecological balance of our planet. The concept of sustainable development provides some orientations on which the researchers are invited to work: definition of new food basis, design of shorter and more diversified productive and marketing systems, discussion of governance models, on a regional, national and international scale. These prospects imply the definition of voluntarist public policies. ...French Abstract : Dans un monde en voie de domination par un système alimentaire agro-industriel et agro-tertiaire, l'auteur s'interroge sur la faisabilité d'un modèle alternatif. En effet, le modèle agro-industriel intensif, spécialisé, concentré, financiarisé et mondialisé, s'il a permis de remarquables avancées en termes de prix et de sûreté des produits, génère des externalités négatives qui, à terme, menace l'équilibre alimentaire des populations et de la planète. Le concept de développement durable fournit quelques orientations sur lesquelles les chercheurs sont invités à travailler : définition de nouvelles bases alimentaires, conception de système productifs et de commercialisation plus courts et plus diversifiés, discussion des modes de gouvernance à l'échelle régionale, nationale et internationale. Ces perspectives impliquent la définition de politiques publiques volontaristes.

Suggested Citation

  • Rastoin, J.L., 2006. "Le système alimentaire mondial est-il soluble dans le développement durable ?," Working Papers MoISA 200605, UMR MoISA : Montpellier Interdisciplinary center on Sustainable Agri-food systems (social and nutritional sciences): CIHEAM-IAMM, CIRAD, INRAE, L'Institut Agro, Montpellier SupAgro, IRD - Montpellier, France.
  • Handle: RePEc:umr:wpaper:200605
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    File URL: http://www1.montpellier.inra.fr/bartoli/moisa/bartoli/download/moisa2006_pdf/WP_5-2006.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. North, Douglass C., "undated". "The Process of Economic Change," WIDER Working Papers 295452, United Nations University, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
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    Cited by:

    1. Lagadec, Gael & Descombels, Alain, 2009. "L'ombre de la crise [The shadow of the global crisis]," MPRA Paper 17871, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Anne-Marie Bocquet & Claude Jameux, 2011. "Le rôle des partenariats distributeurs / producteurs dans le développement des filières agroalimentaires durables," Post-Print hal-00947880, HAL.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    FOOD POLICY; SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT; PRODUCTION SYSTEM; MARKETING CHANNELS; AGRICULTURE; FOOD INDUSTRY;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • L1 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance
    • L66 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Food; Beverages; Cosmetics; Tobacco
    • N5 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture

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