Race, Bureaucratic Discretion, and the Implementation of Welfare Reform
This paper explores the impact of the race of individual clients and of the local racial context on the implementation of sanctions for recipients of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) in a Midwestern state. We find that although nonwhites are sanctioned at lower rates than whites overall, nonwhites are sanctioned more compared to whites in each local area. This paradox occurs because nonwhites tend to live in areas with lower sanction rates. Consistent with the literature on race and policy, we find that sanction rates increase as the nonwhite population increases until a threshold is reached where nonwhites gain political power.
|Date of creation:||17 Jul 2003|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Published in American Journal of Political Science, (vol. 48, no. 2, April 2004) pp. 314-327|
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- Orr, Larry L, 1976. "Income Transfers as a Public Good: An Application to AFDC," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 66(3), pages 359-71, June.
- Peter R. Mueser & Kenneth Troske & William J. Carrington, 2002.
"The Impact of Welfare Reform on Leaver Characteristics, Employment and Recidivism,"
0205, Department of Economics, University of Missouri, revised 26 Aug 2002.
- Carrington, William J. & Mueser, Peter R. & Troske, Kenneth, 2002. "The Impact of Welfare Reform on Leaver Characteristics, Employment and Recidivism," IZA Discussion Papers 561, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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