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Los Factores de Riesgo y el Peso al Nacer en el Uruguay

Author

Listed:
  • Todd Jewell

    (Department of Economics University of North Texas)

  • Patricia Triunfo

    (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Rafael Aguirre

    (Clínica Ginecotológica C, Facultad de Medicina Universidad de la República y Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell)

Abstract

This study investigates the impact of three types of health risk factors (epidemiological, fetal, and maternal) and prenatal care on birthweight outcomes in Uruguay. The data are from the main maternity in Uruguay (Hospitalario Pereira Rossell), are provided by the Latin American Center for Perinatalogy and Human Development (Centro Latinoamericano de Perinatología y Desarrollo Humano) and cover the period 1995 to 2003. The study finds that the risk factors are significant predictors of birthweight and the incidence of low birthweight; furthermore, the risk factors generally have larger impacts on birthweight outcomes than prenatal care. Although it is important to increase the use of prenatal care in order to improve birthweight, it may be more important that health care providers pay special attention to these risk factors during prenatal care visits.

Suggested Citation

  • Todd Jewell & Patricia Triunfo & Rafael Aguirre, 2004. "Los Factores de Riesgo y el Peso al Nacer en el Uruguay," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 1304, Department of Economics - dECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:1304
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    File URL: http://decon.edu.uy/publica/2004/Doc1304.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Grossman, Michael, 1972. "On the Concept of Health Capital and the Demand for Health," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 80(2), pages 223-255, March-Apr.
    2. Mark R. Rosenzweig & T. Paul Schultz, 1982. "The Behavior of Mothers as Inputs to Child Health: The Determinants of Birth Weight, Gestation, and Rate of Fetal Growth," NBER Chapters,in: Economic Aspects of Health, pages 53-92 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Grossman, Michael & Joyce, Theodore J, 1990. "Unobservables, Pregnancy Resolutions, and Birth Weight Production Functions in New York City," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 983-1007, October.
    4. Mark R. Rosenzweig & T. Paul Schultz, 1988. "The Stability of Household Production Technology: A Replication," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 23(4), pages 535-549.
    5. Todd Jewell & Patricia Triunfo & Rafael Aguirre, 2004. "Impacto de los cuidados Prenatales en el Peso al Nacer: El Caso del Uruguay," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0704, Department of Economics - dECON.
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    Cited by:

    1. Marcelo Bérgolo & Martín Leites & Gonzalo Salas, 2006. "Privaciones nutricionales : su vínculo con la pobreza y el ingreso monetario," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 06-03, Instituto de Economía - IECON.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    prenatal care; health risk factors; birthweight;

    JEL classification:

    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth

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