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Estimating the welfare cost of taxation in a labour market with Unemployment and non-participation

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  • Vincent (Vincent Peter) Hogan

Abstract

The standard public finance analysis of the welfare cost of labour income taxation is based on the estimation of labour supply functions that treat unemployed individuals as non-participants. This paper applies econometric models of multinomial discrete choice to the labour market, explicitly allowing individuals to be in any of three possible states (employment, unemployment and non-participation). Based on these estimates, we present calculations of the dead-weight loss of taxes, which turn out to be much larger than those suggested by the standard literature.

Suggested Citation

  • Vincent (Vincent Peter) Hogan, 1999. "Estimating the welfare cost of taxation in a labour market with Unemployment and non-participation," Working Papers 199902, School of Economics, University College Dublin.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucn:wpaper:199902
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/912
    File Function: First version, 1999
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. John C. Ham, 1982. "Estimation of a Labour Supply Model with Censoring Due to Unemployment and Underemployment," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 49(3), pages 335-354.
    2. Small, Kenneth A & Rosen, Harvey S, 1981. "Applied Welfare Economics with Discrete Choice Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(1), pages 105-130, January.
    3. Stephen R. G. Jones & W. Craig Riddell, 1999. "The Measurement of Unemployment: An Empirical Approach," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 67(1), pages 147-162, January.
    4. Keane, Michael P, 1992. "A Note on Identification in the Multinomial Probit Model," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 10(2), pages 193-200, April.
    5. Mroz, Thomas A, 1987. "The Sensitivity of an Empirical Model of Married Women's Hours of Work to Economic and Statistical Assumptions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(4), pages 765-799, July.
    6. Gary Chamberlain, 1980. "Analysis of Covariance with Qualitative Data," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 47(1), pages 225-238.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Labor market--Econometric models; Taxation; Unemployment;

    JEL classification:

    • H2 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy
    • C35 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions

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