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Where-to-Abate and Where-to-Invest Flexibility: An Integrated Assessment Analysis of Climate Change

Author

Listed:
  • Gunter Stephan
  • Georg Müller-Fürstenberger

Abstract

Within the framework of a dynamic Computable General Equilibrium model this pa-per analyses the impact of trade restrictions on regional rates of return on capital, mar-ginal costs of abatement and optimal climate policy. It will be shown that regional dif-ferences both in marginal costs of abatement and in the marginal productivity of capi-tal are driven by market imperfection. With restrictions on international trade, the in-dustrialized countries of the North exhibit higher marginal costs of abatement and a lower marginal productivity of capital than the developing nations of the South. Free trade not only in carbon emission rights but also in capital increases conventional wel-fare but stimulates carbon dioxide emissions which are not completely offset by effi-ciency gains in abatement. Nevertheless, depending upon the choice of the discount rate some kind of an invariance result is observed.

Suggested Citation

  • Gunter Stephan & Georg Müller-Fürstenberger, 2000. "Where-to-Abate and Where-to-Invest Flexibility: An Integrated Assessment Analysis of Climate Change," Diskussionsschriften dp0001, Universitaet Bern, Departement Volkswirtschaft.
  • Handle: RePEc:ube:dpvwib:dp0001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gordon, Roger H & Bovenberg, A Lans, 1996. "Why Is Capital So Immobile Internationally? Possible Explanations and Implications for Capital Income Taxation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(5), pages 1057-1075, December.
    2. Chichilnisky, Graciela & Heal, Geoffrey, 1994. "Who should abate carbon emissions? : An international viewpoint," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 44(4), pages 443-449, April.
    3. Manne, Alan S. & Stephan, Gunter, 1999. "Climate-change policies and international rate-of-return differentials," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(6), pages 309-316, June.
    4. Feldstein, Martin & Horioka, Charles, 1980. "Domestic Saving and International Capital Flows," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 90(358), pages 314-329, June.
    5. Baxter, Marianne & Jermann, Urban J, 1997. "The International Diversification Puzzle Is Worse Than You Think," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(1), pages 170-180, March.
    6. Nordhaus, William D & Yang, Zili, 1996. "A Regional Dynamic General-Equilibrium Model of Alternative Climate-Change Strategies," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(4), pages 741-765, September.
    7. Stephan, Gunter & Muller-Furstenberger, Georg, 1998. "Discounting and the Economic Costs of Altruism in Greenhouse Gas Abatement," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(3), pages 321-338.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Climate policy; carbon emission trade; rate-of-interest differential; marginal cost of abatement; capital mobility; international capital market imperfection;

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • Q25 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Water

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