The Impact of Economic Immigration on Labour Opportunities of Native-Born Workers: The Spanish Case
The reception of immigrants is one of the most important events currently occurring in the Spanish labour market, not only due to its magnitude, but also due to the potential effect it could have on employment. This article aims to assess the impact of the arrival of an immigrant workforce upon the labour opportunities of native-born workers and also to provide empirical evidence to interpret the results obtained. In order to do so, we will use data provided by the Spanish Labor Force Survey (EPA) during the 1997-2004 period, firstly comparing the position held by native- and foreign-born workers in the labour market, and then, evaluating the effect exerted by the changes registered in the immigration rate from different approaches regarding the labour opportunities of native-born workers. The results obtained highlight the fact that both groups are notably different regarding their labour positions. Moreover, a negative result, although not very substantial, arises from the comparison between the immigration rate and the employment and unemployment rates; however, the numbers are higher if we restrict the analysis to less-qualified groups.
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