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The Impact of Economic Immigration on Labour Opportunities of Native-Born Workers: The Spanish Case

Author

Listed:
  • Carlos Iglesias Fernández
  • Raquel Llorente Heras

Abstract

The reception of immigrants is one of the most important events currently occurring in the Spanish labour market, not only due to its magnitude, but also due to the potential effect it could have on employment. This article aims to assess the impact of the arrival of an immigrant workforce upon the labour opportunities of native-born workers and also to provide empirical evidence to interpret the results obtained. In order to do so, we will use data provided by the Spanish Labor Force Survey (EPA) during the 1997-2004 period, firstly comparing the position held by native- and foreign-born workers in the labour market, and then, evaluating the effect exerted by the changes registered in the immigration rate from different approaches regarding the labour opportunities of native-born workers. The results obtained highlight the fact that both groups are notably different regarding their labour positions. Moreover, a negative result, although not very substantial, arises from the comparison between the immigration rate and the employment and unemployment rates; however, the numbers are higher if we restrict the analysis to less-qualified groups.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos Iglesias Fernández & Raquel Llorente Heras, 2006. "The Impact of Economic Immigration on Labour Opportunities of Native-Born Workers: The Spanish Case," Working Papers 05/06, Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social.
  • Handle: RePEc:uae:wpaper:0506
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    File URL: http://www3.uah.es/iaes/publicaciones/DT_05_06.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2006
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Rachel M. Friedberg, 2001. "The Impact of Mass Migration on the Israeli Labor Market," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 116(4), pages 1373-1408.
    2. Borjas, George J & Freeman, Richard B & Katz, Lawrence, 1996. "Searching for the Effect of Immigration on the Labor Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(2), pages 246-251, May.
    3. Joshua D. Angrist & Adriana D. Kugler, 2003. "Protective or counter-productive? labour market institutions and the effect of immigration on eu natives," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 113(488), pages 302-331, June.
    4. Rachel M. Friedberg & Jennifer Hunt, 1995. "The Impact of Immigrants on Host Country Wages, Employment and Growth," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(2), pages 23-44, Spring.
    5. George J. Borjas, 2003. "The Labor Demand Curve is Downward Sloping: Reexamining the Impact of Immigration on the Labor Market," NBER Working Papers 9755, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. John M. Abowd & Richard B. Freeman, 1991. "Immigration, Trade, and the Labor Market," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number abow91-1.
    7. George J. Borjas, 2003. "The Labor Demand Curve is Downward Sloping: Reexamining the Impact of Immigration on the Labor Market," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 118(4), pages 1335-1374.
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