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Redistributive Impact and Efficiency of Mexico's Fiscal System

Author

Listed:
  • John Scott

    (Department of Economics, Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económica (CIDE))

Abstract

A comprehensive tax and benefit incidence analysis is presented covering the redistributive fiscal instruments implemented in Mexico in 2008 and 2010, representative of the urban and rural sectors, as well as nationally. The expansion of basic social programs and effectively targeted direct monetary transfers have increased the progressivity of Mexico Ì s fiscal system in recent years, but redistributive impact is limited by a comparatively ineffective tax system and a significant share of resources tied to instruments with limited redistributive effectiveness, including subsidies to contributory social security systems, large exemptions in direct and indirect taxes, energy subsidies, and access to public tertiary education. The transition to a more effective and equitable fiscal system will require a comprehensive tax-benefits reform designed to improve tax productivity and benefit equity, combining a broad tax base with universally accessible public services and social protection.

Suggested Citation

  • John Scott, 2013. "Redistributive Impact and Efficiency of Mexico's Fiscal System," Commitment to Equity (CEQ) Working Paper Series 08, Tulane University, Department of Economics, revised Jul 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:tul:ceqwps:08
    as

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    File URL: http://repec.tulane.edu/RePEc/ceq/ceq08.pdf
    File Function: Revised version, 2013
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Lustig, Nora & Gray Molina, George & Higgins, Sean & Jaramillo, Miguel & Jiménez, Wilson & Paz, Verónica & Pereira, Claudiney & Pessino, Carola & Scott, John & Yáñez, Ernesto, 2012. "The impact of taxes and social spending on inequality and poverty in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico and Peru: a synthesis of results," Research Department working papers 234, CAF Development Bank Of Latinamerica.
    2. (IFS), Institute for Fiscal Studies & Mirrlees, James (ed.), 2011. "Tax By Design: The Mirrlees Review," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199553747.
    3. Nora Lustig & Carola Pessino & John Scott, 2014. "The Impact of Taxes and Social Spending on Inequality and Poverty in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico, Peru, and Uruguay," Public Finance Review, , vol. 42(3), pages 287-303, May.
    4. Kristin Komives & Todd M. Johnson & Jonathan D. Halpern & Jose Luis Aburto & John R. Scott, 2009. "Residential Electricity Subsidies in Mexico : Exploring Options for Reform and for Enhancing the Impact on the Poor," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 5959, January.
    5. John Scott, 2014. "Redistributive Impact and Efficiency of Mexico’s Fiscal System," Public Finance Review, , vol. 42(3), pages 368-390, May.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Margarita Beneke & Nora Lustig, 2015. "El Impacto de los Impuestos y el Gasto Social en la Desigualdad y la Pobreza en El Salvador," Commitment to Equity (CEQ) Working Paper Series 26, Tulane University, Department of Economics.
    2. Branko Milanovic & Sean Higgins & Nora Lustig & Whitney Ruble & Timothy M. Smeeding, 2016. "Comparing the Incidence of Taxes and Social Spending in Brazil and the United States," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 62, pages 22-46, August.
    3. Cabrera, Maynor & Lustig, Nora & Morán, Hilcías E., 2015. "Fiscal Policy, Inequality, and the Ethnic Divide in Guatemala," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 263-279.
    4. Nora Lustig & Florencia Amábile & Marisa Bucheli & George Gray Molina & Sean Higgins & Miguel Jaramillo & Wilson Jiménez Pozo & Veronica Paz Arauco & Claudiney Pereira & Carola Pessino & Máximo Ros, 2014. "El impacto del sistema tributario y del gasto social sobre la desigualdad y la pobreza en Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, México, Perú y Uruguay: Un panorama general," Commitment to Equity (CEQ) Working Paper Series 13S, Tulane University, Department of Economics.
    5. Nora Lustig & Carola Pessino, 2013. "Social spending and income redistribution in Argentina during the 2000s: The rising noncontributory pensions," Commitment to Equity (CEQ) Working Paper Series 05, Tulane University, Department of Economics, revised Aug 2013.
    6. Nora Lustig, 2015. "Fiscal Policy and Ethno-Racial Inequality in Bolivia, Brazil, Guatemala and Uruguay," Commitment to Equity (CEQ) Working Paper Series 22, Tulane University, Department of Economics.
    7. Gabriel Burdín & Fernando Esponda & Andrea Vigorito, 2014. "Inequality and Top Income in Uruguay: A Comparison between Household Surveys and Income Tax Micro-data," Working Papers 201401, World Inequality Lab.
    8. Higgins, Sean & Lustig, Nora, 2016. "Can a poverty-reducing and progressive tax and transfer system hurt the poor?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 122(C), pages 63-75.
    9. Pablo Sauma & Juan Diego Trejos, 2014. "Universidad de Costa Rica," Commitment to Equity (CEQ) Working Paper Series 18E, Tulane University, Department of Economics.
    10. Nora Lustig & Carola Pessino & John Scott, 2014. "The Impact of Taxes and Social Spending on Inequality and Poverty in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico, Peru, and Uruguay," Public Finance Review, , vol. 42(3), pages 287-303, May.
    11. Nora Lustig, 2015. "The Redistributive Impactive of Government Spending on Education and Health Evidence from Thirteen Developing Countries in the Commitment to Equity Project," Commitment to Equity (CEQ) Working Paper Series 30, Tulane University, Department of Economics.
    12. Marisa Bucheli, 2015. "Public Transfers and Poverty Reduction: An Evaluation of Program Contribution to the Exit Rate from Poverty to Children and the Elderly," Commitment to Equity (CEQ) Working Paper Series 27, Tulane University, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ntax-benefit incidence analysis; social spending; inequality; poverty; Mexico;

    JEL classification:

    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
    • H2 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • H5 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies

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