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Fair Trade-Organic Coffee Cooperatives, Migration, and Secondary Schooling in Southern Mexico

Author

Listed:
  • Seth R. Gitter

    (Department of Economics, Towson University)

  • Jeremy G. Weber

    (University of Wisconsin-Madison)

  • Bradford L. Barham

    (University of Wisconsin-Madison)

  • Mercedez Callenes

    (Grupo de Analisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE), Peru)

  • Jessa M. Lewis

    (University of Wisconsin-Madison)

Abstract

From 1995 to 2005 educational attainment of youth in rural Southern Mexico rose dramatically. Three distinct trends emerged in the region that could explain the rise in education. First, thousands of coffee-producing households joined cooperatives that have entered Fair Trade relationships and/or began adopting organic practices. Then, beginning in approximately 2000, US migration took off, while intra-Mexico migration steadily increased, providing remittance income and more lucrative alternatives in labor markets outside of coffee production. Third, Progresa/Oportunidades, a conditional cash transfer program aimed at promoting education, became available to families in the region in 1998 and 1999. Using survey data from 845 coffee farming households in Oaxaca and Chiapas, Mexico, this paper explores how participation in Fair Trade-organic cooperatives coffee price premiums, migration, and Progresa/Oportunidades shape education attainment for young adults (16-25). Results from a household fixed-effects model show that participating in a Fair Trade-organic cooperative contributed to a one-half year increase in schooling for girls over the study period. The impacts of US migration opportunities appear to have even stronger positive impacts on years of schooling for females, while for males increased migration opportunities tend to diminish the positive effects of being in a Fair Trade- organic cooperative on educational attainment.

Suggested Citation

  • Seth R. Gitter & Jeremy G. Weber & Bradford L. Barham & Mercedez Callenes & Jessa M. Lewis, 2010. "Fair Trade-Organic Coffee Cooperatives, Migration, and Secondary Schooling in Southern Mexico," Working Papers 2010-14, Towson University, Department of Economics, revised Aug 2010.
  • Handle: RePEc:tow:wpaper:2010-14
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ariel Fiszbein & Norbert Schady & Francisco H.G. Ferreira & Margaret Grosh & Niall Keleher & Pedro Olinto & Emmanuel Skoufias, 2009. "Conditional Cash Transfers : Reducing Present and Future Poverty," World Bank Publications - Books, The World Bank Group, number 2597, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ninon Sirdey & Sylvaine Lemeilleur, 2021. "Can fair trade resolve the “hungry farmer paradox”?," Post-Print hal-03599207, HAL.
    2. Sellare, Jorge, 2020. "New insights on the use of the Fairtrade social premium," GlobalFood Discussion Papers 304709, Georg-August-Universitaet Goettingen, GlobalFood, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development.
    3. Meemken, Eva-Marie & Spielman, David J. & Qaim, Matin, 2017. "Trading off nutrition and education? A panel data analysis of the dissimilar welfare effects of Organic and Fairtrade standards," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 74-85.
    4. Sellare, Jorge, 2021. "The Fairtrade Social Premium and Its Implications for Rural Development," 2021 Conference, August 17-31, 2021, Virtual 315006, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    5. Akoyi, K.T. & Mitiku, F. & Maertens, M., 2018. "Is prohibiting child labour enough? Coffee certification and child schooling in Ethiopia and Uganda," 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia 275958, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    6. Quinones, Esteban J. & Barham, Bradford L., 2018. "Endogenous Selection, Migration and Occupation Outcomes for Rural Southern Mexicans," Staff Paper Series 587, University of Wisconsin, Agricultural and Applied Economics.
    7. Ninon Sirdey & Sylvaine Lemeilleur, 2021. "Can fair trade resolve the “hungry farmer paradox”?," Review of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Studies, Springer, vol. 102(1), pages 81-106, March.
    8. Naegele, Helene, 2020. "Where does the Fair Trade money go? How much consumers pay extra for Fair Trade coffee and how this value is split along the value chain," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 133(C).
    9. Klimczuk, Andrzej & Klimczuk-Kochańska, Magdalena, 2020. "Organic Agriculture," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 1-7.
    10. Hörner, Denise & Wollni, Meike, 2021. "Integrated soil fertility management and household welfare in Ethiopia," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 100(C).
    11. Helene Naegele, 2019. "Where Does the Fairtrade Money Go? How Much Consumers Pay Extra for Fairtrade Coffee and How This Value Is Split along the Value Chain," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1783, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Latin America; Mexico; Fair Trade; Organic; Migration; Education.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • N56 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration

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