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Fiscal Policy Rules in an Overlapping Generations Model with Endogenous Labour Supply

  • Giovanni Ganelli

A fiscal policy rule in which taxation is a function of existing government debt (a "wealth-tax") is usually believed to be effective in providing stability. Using a dicrete-time version of Blanchard's overlapping generations model, extended to include money and an endogenous labour supply we show that, contrary to the intuition, a wealth tax might not be enough to ensure the existence of a unique, well defined, saddle-path equilibrium. We suggest that a government willing to run a positive and sustainable level of debt could use an alternative financing rule, imposing an additional tax component, that is a function of the difference between the real interest rate and the tax rate on wealth.

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File URL: http://www.tcd.ie/Economics/TEP/2002_papers/tepno15GG22.PDF
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Paper provided by Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics in its series Trinity Economics Papers with number 200215.

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Date of creation: 2002
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Handle: RePEc:tcd:tcduee:200215
Contact details of provider: Postal: Trinity College, Dublin 2
Phone: (+ 353 1) 6081325
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Web page: http://www.tcd.ie/Economics/

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  1. Christ, Carl F, 1979. "On Fiscal and Monetary Policies and the Government Budget Restraint," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(4), pages 526-38, September.
  2. Maurice Obstfeld and Kenneth Rogoff., 1995. "Exchange Rate Dynamics Redux," Center for International and Development Economics Research (CIDER) Working Papers C95-048, University of California at Berkeley.
  3. Olivier J. Blanchard, 1984. "Debt, Deficits and Finite Horizons," NBER Working Papers 1389, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Rankin, N. & Roffia, B., 1999. "Maximum Sustainable Government Debt in the Overlapping Generations Model," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 521, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
  5. Heijdra, Ben J & Ligthart, Jenny E, 2000. "The Dynamic Macroeconomic Effects of Tax Policy in an Overlapping Generations Model," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 52(4), pages 677-701, October.
  6. Leith, Campbell & Wren-Lewis, Simon, 2000. "Interactions between Monetary and Fiscal Policy Rules," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(462), pages C93-108, March.
  7. Rankin, N. & Scalera, D., 1991. "Death and the Keynesian Multiplier," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 376, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
  8. Mitchell, Peter R. & Sault, Joanne E. & Wallis, Kenneth F., 2000. "Fiscal policy rules in macroeconomic models: principles and practice," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 171-193, April.
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