Taxation trends in the European Union: 2003 edition
The publication "Structures of the taxation systems in the European Union" presents time series of tax data from national accounts for the fifteen Member States of the European Union. It provides a breakdown of taxes according to three different types of classification: by major type of tax (i.e. direct taxes, indirect taxes, social contributions), by levels of government (i.e. central-, state- and local government, social security funds and the European institutions) and by economic function (i.e. consumption, labour and capital). It also compiles implicit tax rates(ITRs) on consumption, labour and capital, which measure the effective average tax burden on different types of economic income or activity. ITRs express tax revenues that can be allocated to these economic categories as a percentage of the total potential tax base in the economy. The publication also presents data on environmental taxes.
|Date of creation:||Apr 2003|
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/index_en.htm|
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- Mendoza, Enrique G. & Razin, Assaf & Tesar, Linda L., 1994.
"Effective tax rates in macroeconomics: Cross-country estimates of tax rates on factor incomes and consumption,"
Journal of Monetary Economics,
Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 297-323, December.
- Enrique G. Mendoza & Assaf Razin & Linda L. Tesar, 1994. "Effective Tax Rates in Macroeconomics: Cross-Country Estimates of Tax Rates on Factor Incomes and Consumption," NBER Working Papers 4864, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Sijbren Cnossen, 2001. "Tax Policy in the European Union," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 58(4), pages 466-466, November.
- Gilbert E. Metcalf & Don Fullerton, 2002. "The Distribution of Tax Burdens: An Introduction," NBER Working Papers 8978, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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