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Food Superstores, Food Deserts and Traffic Generation in the UK: A Semi-Parametric Regression Approach

  • Colin Black

    (JMP Consultants Ltd., London)

  • David C Broadstock

    (Surrey Energy Economics Centre (SEEC), Department of Economics, University of Surrey)

  • Alan Collins

    (Department of Economics, University of Portsmouth)

  • Lester C Hunt

    (Surrey Energy Economics Centre (SEEC), Department of Economics, University of Surrey)

This study contributes another route towards explaining and tackling ‘food desert’ effects. It features the estimation of a (semi-parametric) trip attraction model for food superstores in the UK using a composite dataset. The data comprises information from the UK Census of Population, the NOMIS (National Online Manpower Information System) archive and traffic and site-specific data from the TRICS (Trip Rate Information Computer System) databases. The results indicate that traffic to a given food superstore, ceteris paribus, increases with household car ownership, store parking provision, site size (floor space), and distance to the nearest competitor. Furthermore, increases in public transport provision are shown to be associated with increasing car trips. This latter effect is discussed in the light of planning policy for development control purposes and a role linked to the reinforcement of ‘food deserts’. The results also reveal activity-specific household economies of scope and scale. It is suggested how these may also further perpetuate unsustainable development and ‘food desert’ characteristics.

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File URL: http://www.seec.surrey.ac.uk/Research/SEEDS/SEEDS112.pdf
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Paper provided by Surrey Energy Economics Centre (SEEC), School of Economics, University of Surrey in its series Surrey Energy Economics Centre (SEEC), School of Economics Discussion Papers (SEEDS) with number 112.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2006
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in the International Journal of Transport Economics, XXXIV(3), 2007, pp. 403-427. (Revised Version with different title)
Handle: RePEc:sur:seedps:112
Contact details of provider: Postal: Guildford, Surrey GU2 5XH, UK
Phone: +44(0)1483 686956
Fax: +44(0)1483 689548
Web page: http://www.seec.surrey.ac.uk
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  1. Meyer, Michael D., 1999. "Demand management as an element of transportation policy: using carrots and sticks to influence travel behavior," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 33(7-8), pages 575-599.
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  5. Mokhtarian, Patricia L & Salomon, Ilan & S, Lothlorien, 2001. "Understanding the Demand for Travel: It's Not Purely 'Derived'," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt5bh2d8mh, University of California Transportation Center.
  6. Nelson, Julie A, 1988. "Household Economies of Scale in Consumption: Theory and Evidence," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(6), pages 1301-14, November.
  7. David J. Mckenzie, 2001. "Estimation of AR(1) models with unequally spaced pseudo-panels," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 4(1), pages 40.
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