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Concurrence, roulement des entreprises et croissance de la productivite

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  • Baldwin, John R.
  • Gu, Wulong

Abstract

Le present document porte sur la mesure dans laquelle la croissance de la productivite est attribuable au roulement des entreprises au fur et a mesure que la production est deplacee d'une entreprise a une autre du fait du processus concurrentiel. Le roulement a lieu lorsque certaines entreprises augmentent leur part de marche tandis que d'autres voient diminuer la leur. Une partie de ce roulement est le resultat des entrees et sorties d'entreprises. L'autre est due a l'expansion et au declin des entreprises existantes qui demeurent en activite. Dans le present document, nous proposons une methode permettant de mesurer l'effet du roulement des entreprises sur la croissance de la productivite et nous montrons que cet effet est beaucoup plus important que ne l'indiquent les auteurs de nombreuses etudes empiriques anterieures. Nous soutenons que la concurrence est la principale source de croissance agregee de la productivite du travail dans les industries manufacturieres canadiennes.

Suggested Citation

  • Baldwin, John R. & Gu, Wulong, 2006. "Concurrence, roulement des entreprises et croissance de la productivite," Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) 2006042f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  • Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp5f:2006042f
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Aghion, Philippe & Howitt, Peter, 1992. "A Model of Growth through Creative Destruction," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(2), pages 323-351, March.
    2. Mata, Jose & Portugal, Pedro & Guimaraes, Paulo, 1995. "The survival of new plants: Start-up conditions and post-entry evolution," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 459-481, December.
    3. Baldwin, John R. & Gu, Wulong, 2004. "Concurrence industrielle, evolution des parts de marche et croissance de la productivite," Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) 2004021f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
    4. Bee Yan Aw & Xiaomin Chen & Mark J. Roberts, 1997. "Firm-level Evidence on Productivity Differentials, Turnover, and Exports in Taiwanese Manufacturing," NBER Working Papers 6235, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    6. Andrew B. Bernard & J. Bradford Jensen, 1999. "Exporting and Productivity," NBER Working Papers 7135, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Baldwin, John R. & Sabourin, David, 2004. "Effet de l'evolution de l'utilisation des technologies sur le rendement des etablissements dans le secteur de la fabrication au Canada," Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) 2004020f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
    8. John R. Baldwin & Wulong Gu, 2006. "Plant turnover and productivity growth in Canadian manufacturing," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 15(3), pages 417-465, June.
    9. Baily, Martin Neil & Bartelsman, Eric J & Haltiwanger, John, 1996. "Downsizing and Productivity Growth: Myth or Reality?," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 8(4), pages 259-278, August.
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    14. Baldwin,John R. & Gorecki,Paul, 1998. "The Dynamics of Industrial Competition," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521633574.
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    Cited by:

    1. Baldwin, John R. & Gellatly, Guy, 2006. "Capacites d'innovation : le capital de savoir, gage de survie et de croissance des entreprises," L'economie canadienne en transition 2006013f, Statistics Canada, Division de l'analyse economique.

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    Keywords

    Business performance and ownership; Economic accounts; Entry; exit; mergers and growth; Productivity accounts;

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