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Concurrence, roulement des entreprises et croissance de la productivite

  • Gu, Wulong
  • Baldwin, John R.

Le present document porte sur la mesure dans laquelle la croissance de la productivite est attribuable au roulement des entreprises au fur et a mesure que la production est deplacee d'une entreprise a une autre du fait du processus concurrentiel. Le roulement a lieu lorsque certaines entreprises augmentent leur part de marche tandis que d'autres voient diminuer la leur. Une partie de ce roulement est le resultat des entrees et sorties d'entreprises. L'autre est due a l'expansion et au declin des entreprises existantes qui demeurent en activite. Dans le present document, nous proposons une methode permettant de mesurer l'effet du roulement des entreprises sur la croissance de la productivite et nous montrons que cet effet est beaucoup plus important que ne l'indiquent les auteurs de nombreuses etudes empiriques anterieures. Nous soutenons que la concurrence est la principale source de croissance agregee de la productivite du travail dans les industries manufacturieres canadiennes.

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Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) with number 2006042f.

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Date of creation: 25 Sep 2006
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Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp5f:2006042f
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  1. Martin N. Baily & Eric J. Bartelsman & John Haltiwanger, 1994. "Downsizing and productivity growth: myth or reality?," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 94-7, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  2. Eric J. Bartelsman & Mark Doms, 2000. "Understanding productivity: lessons from longitudinal microdata," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2000-19, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  3. Timothy Dunne & Mark J. Roberts & Larry Samuelson, 1988. "Patterns of Firm Entry and Exit in U.S. Manufacturing Industries," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 19(4), pages 495-515, Winter.
  4. Sabourin, David & Baldwin, John R., 2004. "Effet de l'evolution de l'utilisation des technologies sur le rendement des etablissements dans le secteur de la fabrication au Canada," Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) 2004020f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  5. Mata, Jose & Portugal, Pedro & Guimaraes, Paulo, 1995. "The survival of new plants: Start-up conditions and post-entry evolution," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 459-481, December.
  6. Aghion, P. & Howitt, P., 1989. "A Model Of Growth Through Creative Destruction," Working papers 527, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  7. John R. Baldwin & Wulong Gu, 2006. "Plant turnover and productivity growth in Canadian manufacturing," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 15(3), pages 417-465, June.
  8. Lucia Foster & John C. Haltiwanger & C. J. Krizan, 2001. "Aggregate Productivity Growth. Lessons from Microeconomic Evidence," NBER Chapters, in: New Developments in Productivity Analysis, pages 303-372 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Wood, Adrian, 1995. "North-South Trade, Employment and Inequality: Changing Fortunes in a Skill-Driven World," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198290155, March.
  10. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521465618 is not listed on IDEAS
  11. Frank R. Lichtenberg & Donald Siegel, 1987. "Productivity and Changes in Ownership of Manufactoring Plants," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 18(3), pages 643-684.
  12. Andrew B. Bernard & J. Bradford Jensen, 2000. "Exporting and Productivity," Working Papers 00-07, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  13. Aghion, Philippe & Howitt, Peter, 1992. "A Model of Growth Through Creative Destruction," Scholarly Articles 12490578, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  14. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521633574 is not listed on IDEAS
  15. Gu, Wulong & Baldwin, John R., 2004. "Concurrence industrielle, evolution des parts de marche et croissance de la productivite," Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) 2004021f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  16. John C. Haltiwanger, 1997. "Measuring and analyzing aggregate fluctuations: the importance of building from microeconomic evidence," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue May, pages 55-78.
  17. Bee Yan Aw & Xiaomin Chen & Mark J. Roberts, 1997. "Firm-level Evidence on Productivity Differentials, Turnover, and Exports in Taiwanese Manufacturing," NBER Working Papers 6235, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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