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Sommaire de : L'effet des conditions macroeconomiques sur l'instabilite et l'inegalite a long terme des gains des travailleurs au Canada

  • Gray, David
  • Finnie, Ross
  • Beach, Charles M.

Le present article resume les conclusions de le document de recherche intitulee : L'effet des conditions macroeconomiques sur l'instabilite et l'inegalite a long terme des gains des travailleurs au Canada. Le present document porte sur la variabilite des gains des travailleurs au Canada de 1982 a 1997 et sur l'evolution de cette variabilite en fonction du taux de chomage et de la croissance du produit interieur brut (PIB) reel durant cette periode. En utilisant un grand panel de donnees fiscales, nous decomposons la variation totale des gains entre les travailleurs et au cours du temps en une composante d'inegalite a long terme entre les travailleurs et une composante d'instabilite des gains moyens de l'ensemble des travailleurs au cours du temps. Nous effectuons l'analyse separement pour les hommes et pour les femmes, ainsi que pour les participants a long terme au marche du travail et un groupe plus general de travailleurs. Premierement, nous observons, entre la periode allant de 1982 a 1989 et celle allant de 1990 a 1997, une augmentation de la variabilite des gains qui est limitee, en grande partie, aux hommes et sous tendue principalement par l'accroissement de l'inegalite a long terme des gains. Deuxiemement, nous constatons que le profil des effets du taux de chomage et du taux de croissance du PIB sur ces composantes de la variance ne confirment pas les explications classiques des effets du cycle economique sur l'inegalite des gains et evoque un autre paradigme de l'accroissement de l'inegalite des gains a long terme sous l'effet de la croissance economique au cours de cette periode. Troisiemement, si nous tenons compte simultanement des effets du taux de chomage et du taux de croissance du PIB, nous constatons que l'amelioration macroeconomique reduit la variabilite globale des gains, car la reduction de leur instabilite supplante l'accroissement general de leur inegalite a long terme.

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Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 2006269f.

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Date of creation: 07 Feb 2006
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Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2006269f
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Web page: http://www.statcan.gc.ca

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  1. Picot, Garnett & Heisz, Andrew & Jackson, Andrew, 2002. "Les entreprises gagnantes et perdantes du marche de l'emploi des annees 90," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2002184f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  2. David H. Richardson, 1997. "Changes in the Distribution of Wages in Canada, 1981-1992," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 30(3), pages 622-43, August.
  3. Katz, Lawrence F. & Autor, David H., 1999. "Changes in the wage structure and earnings inequality," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 26, pages 1463-1555 Elsevier.
  4. Murphy, Brian & Wolfson, Michael, 1998. "Une nouvelle perspective des tendances de l'inegalite des revenus au Canada et aux Etats-Unis," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 1998124f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  5. Burbidge, John B & Magee, Lonnie & Robb, A Leslie, 1997. "Canadian Wage Inequality over the Last Two Decades," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 22(2), pages 181-203.
  6. Peter Gottschalk & Robert Moffitt, 1994. "The Growth of Earnings Instability in the U.S. Labor Market," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 25(2), pages 217-272.
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