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L’emploi au niveau des ménages, 1982-2002

Listed author(s):
  • Guillaume Allegre

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

On assiste entre 1982 et 2002 a une polarisation des emplois entre les ménages : l’emploi est de plus en plus inégalement réparti entre les ménages avec d’une part des ménages où tous les adultes travaillent et d’autre part des ménages où personne ne travaille. Ceci reste vrai lorsque l’on tient compte de l’évolution de la structure des ménages. Alors que le taux d’emploi progresse sous l’effet de la hausse de l’activité féminine, la part des ménages sans emploi augmente (+3,9 points). Dans cette étude, nous proposons plusieurs indicateurs de polarisation. Nous calculons sur données françaises des indicateurs développées par Gregg et Wardsworth afin d’expliquer l’augmentation de la polarisation en France entre 1982 et 2002. Nous calculons notamment un indice de polarisation conditionnée qui mesure l’écart entre la part réelle de ménage sans emploi et la part de ménage sans emploi qui prévaudrait si le fait d’être en emploi ne dépendait que des caractéristiques individuelles indépendamment de la situation familiale. Nous trouvons que les caractéristiques individuelles et leur influence sur le marché de l’emploi expliquent une partie de l’augmentation de la polarisation : la prise en compte du sexe, du diplôme, de l’âge, du nombre d’enfants et de la taille de l’agglomération permet d’expliquer près de la moitié (44%) de l’augmentation de la polarisation entre 1982 et 2002.

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File URL: http://spire.sciencespo.fr/hdl:/2441/921/resources/wp2006-20.pdf
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Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number N°2006-20.

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Date of creation: Nov 2006
Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/921
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.sciencespo.fr/

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  1. Richard W. Blundell, 1995. "The Impact of Taxation on Labour Force Participation and Labour Supply," OECD Jobs Study Working Papers 8, OECD Publishing.
  2. DUGUET Emmanuel & SIMONNET Veronique, 2004. "The participation of couples in the labor market: an econometric analysis," Labor and Demography 0411005, EconWPA.
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