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The Impact of Taxation on Labour Force Participation and Labour Supply

  • Richard W. Blundell

This working paper considers how hours of work and labour force participation are likely to respond to tax reforms. As regards hours of work, the analysis looks at married women and lone parents. Married women constitute a group which responds to incentives, as shown by experimental and sample survey studies. Lone parents, an important fraction of the working age population in some countries, often are subject to special tax and income support provisions and have limited sources of alternative income. A second part of the analysis concerns inflows to and outflows from employment, labour force participation and duration of unemployment as they affect men and women in different age groups and with differing family responsibilities. The analysis is based mainly on the well-documented tax reforms in the United Kingdom. The first part of the paper develops the appropriate methodology for analysing labour supply responses to tax changes and the second part attempts to clarify the magnitude ... L'impact des impôts sur l'activité et l'offre de travail Ce document de travail étudie les effets possibles de la reforme de la fiscalité sur le temps du travail et les taux de participation. En ce qui concerne le temps du travail, l’analyse porte sur les femmes mariées et les parents isolés. Les femmes mariées constitue un groupe dont le comportement est influencé par des incitations ainsi que les études d’expériences et d’échantillonnage l’ont démontré. Dans certains pays les parents isolés forme une fraction importante de la population en age actif et bénéficient souvent de dispositions spéciales d’imposition et de soutien des revenus tout en n’ayant que peu de sources alternatives de revenus. Une deuxième partie de l’analyse considère les entrées et sorties de l’emploi, de la population active ainsi que la durée du chômage pour les hommes et femmes dans différents groupes d’age et de situation familiale. L’étude est fondée sur les réformes de la fiscalité au Royame Uni bien documentées. La première partie du document développe le cadre ...

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Jobs Study Working Papers with number 8.

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Date of creation: 1995
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Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaac:8-en
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