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Les conséquences des allègements généraux de cotisations patronales sur les bas salaires


  • Pierre Cahuc

    (École polytechnique (X))

  • Stéphane Carcillo

    (Département d'économie)


Les allègements généraux de cotisations patronales sur les bas salaires constituent la principale politique de l’emploi en France avec une dépense annuelle d’environ 1 point de PIB. Cette étude montre que ce sont surtout les emplois les moins qualifiés dans les services qui bénéficient aujourd’hui de ce dispositif. Selon nos estimations, supprimer les allègements liés aux 35 heures détruirait environ 400 000 emplois, instituer un point de sortie à 1,5 au lieu de 1,6 Smic supprimerait environ 50 000 emplois, limiter les allègements à l’industrie entraînerait une perte de l’ordre de 700 000 emplois, et limiter les allègements aux entreprises de moins de 50 salariés supprimerait environ 380 000 emplois. Ainsi, du point de vue de la sauvegarde de l’emploi, il n’y a aucun fondement à réserver le bénéfice des allègements aux seuls secteurs directement exposés à la concurrence internationale, ou encore aux seules PME.

Suggested Citation

  • Pierre Cahuc & Stéphane Carcillo, 2012. "Les conséquences des allègements généraux de cotisations patronales sur les bas salaires," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/6b7kf1issd8, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/6b7kf1issd8leb93o27ofdm8cu

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. François Rycx & Yves Saks & Ilan Tojerow, 2015. "Does Education Raise Productivity and Wages Equally? The Moderating Roles of Age, Gender and Industry," Working Paper Research 281, National Bank of Belgium.
    2. Vincent Charlet & Philippe Frocrain, 2017. "Les limites des allégements de charges sur les bas salaires," Working Papers hal-01695167, HAL.


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