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Evaluación de Impacto del Programa de Becas Fondo de Cesantía Solidario 2007

  • Eduardo Fajnzylber
  • Susana Ojeda


    (Studies Division, Chilean Pension Supervisor)

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    El Seguro de Cesantía (SC) junto con proteger el ingreso de los trabajadores dependientes ante eventos de desempleo, tiene el objetivo complementario de incentivar y apoyar la búsqueda de un nuevo empleo. El año 2007, se dio inicio a un programa de becas de capacitación para los beneficiarios del Fondo de Cesantía Solidario (FCS). Utilizando datos administrativos del SC y de las capacitaciones recibidas, se utilizan técnicas de evaluación cuasiexperimental para estimar el impacto de estas capacitaciones sobre los beneficiarios de dicho programa. Nuestros resultados sugieren que distintos tipos de capacitación tienen efectos muy variados sobre la probabilidad de realizar cotizaciones al SC. Los cursos orientados a desarrollar oficios con clara orientación hacia el sector dependiente formal, muestran un impacto positivo y significativo en la empleabilidad del beneficiario, sobre todo en los primeros meses posteriores a la intervención. Por el contrario, las actividades que no presentan una clara orientación hacia el sector dependiente formal, tienen un efecto nulo y a veces negativo sobre la probabilidad de cotizar. Nuestra interpretación es que, en estos últimos casos, los cursos consiguen el objetivo de aumentar la empleabilidad, pero en sectores no cubiertos por el Seguro, particularmente en actividades como trabajador independiente..

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    File Function: Revised version, 2011
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    Paper provided by Superintendencia de Pensiones in its series Working Papers with number 50.

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    Date of creation: Oct 2011
    Date of revision: Oct 2011
    Handle: RePEc:sdp:sdpwps:50
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    1. Betcherman, Gordon & Olivas, Karina & Dar, Amit, 2004. "Impacts of active labor market programs : new evidence from evaluations with particular attention to developing and transition countries," Social Protection Discussion Papers 29142, The World Bank.
    2. Guido Imbens & Jeffrey Wooldridge, 2008. "Recent developments in the econometrics of program evaluation," CeMMAP working papers CWP24/08, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    3. Dar, Amit & Tzannatos, Zafiris, 1999. "Active labor market programs: a review of the evidence from evaluations," Social Protection Discussion Papers 20116, The World Bank.
    4. Eduardo Fajnzylber & Gonzalo Plaza & Gonzalo Reyes, 2009. "Better-informed Workers and Retirement Savings Decisions: Impact Evaluation of a Personalized Pension Projection," Working Papers 31, Superintendencia de Pensiones, revised Sep 2009.
    5. V. Joseph Hotz & Guido W. Imbens & Jacob A. Klerman, 2006. "Evaluating the Differential Effects of Alternative Welfare-to-Work Training Components: A Reanalysis of the California GAIN Program," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 24(3), pages 521-566, July.
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