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COVID-19 Lockdowns and Domestic Violence: Evidence from Two Studies in Argentina

Author

Listed:
  • Santiago Perez-Vincent

    (Inter-American Development Bank)

  • Enrique Carreras

    (Universidad de San Martín)

  • María Amelia Gibbons

    (Department of Economics, Universidad de San Andres)

  • Tomás E. Murphy

    (Department of Economics, Universidad de San Andres)

  • Martín Rossi

    (Department of Economics, Universidad de San Andres)

Abstract

This publication presents two independent and complementary studies on the impact of the mandatory COVID - 19 lockdowns on domestic violence in Argentina. The first study examines the evolution of calls to Línea 137, the domestic violence hotline in the City of Buenos Aires, and finds a significant increase (28 percent) in calls following the introduction of mobility restrictions. The study also finds a large substitution in reporting channels: calls to the hotline received from the police and other institutions fell sharply while direct calls from the victims increased by 82 percent. The second study shows evidence from a victimization survey conducted right after the lockdown came into effect. Comparing women whose partners were exempt from complying with the stay-at-home order with women whose partners were not, the study finds a positive link between lockdown restrictions and intimate partner violence. The combination of these two approaches and analyses delivers consistent and compelling evidence on the impact of the lockdown on domestic violence incidents. The studies highlight the need to complement the mobility restrictions imposed to combat the COVID - 19 pandemic with specific services to respond to the domestic violence that the lockdown generates.

Suggested Citation

  • Santiago Perez-Vincent & Enrique Carreras & María Amelia Gibbons & Tomás E. Murphy & Martín Rossi, 2020. "COVID-19 Lockdowns and Domestic Violence: Evidence from Two Studies in Argentina," Working Papers 143, Universidad de San Andres, Departamento de Economia, revised Jul 2020.
  • Handle: RePEc:sad:wpaper:143
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Hugues Champeaux & Francesca Marchetta, 2021. "Couples in lockdown, "La vie en rose" ? Evidence from France," CERDI Working papers hal-03149087, HAL.
    2. Santiago M. Perez-Vincent & Enrique Carreras, 2022. "Domestic violence reporting during the COVID-19 pandemic: evidence from Latin America," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 20(3), pages 799-830, September.
    3. Victoria Costoya & Lucía Echeverría & María Edo & Ana Rocha & Agustina Thailinger, 2020. "The impact of COVID-19 in the allocation of time within couples. Evidence for Argentina," Working Papers 145, Universidad de San Andres, Departamento de Economia, revised Aug 2020.
    4. Sonia Bhalotra & Emilia Brito & Damian Clarke & Pilar Larroulet & Francisco J. Pino, 2021. "Dynamic impacts of lockdown on domestic violence: Evidence from multiple policy shifts in Chile," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2021-189, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    5. Salima Meherali & Bisi Adewale & Sonam Ali & Megan Kennedy & Bukola (Oladunni) Salami & Solina Richter & Phil E. Okeke-Ihejirika & Parveen Ali & Kênia Lara da Silva & Samuel Adjorlolo & Lydia Aziato &, 2021. "Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Adolescents’ Sexual and Reproductive Health in Low- and Middle-Income Countries," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 18(24), pages 1-23, December.
    6. Hoehn-Velasco, Lauren & Silverio-Murillo, Adan & de la Miyar, Jose Roberto Balmori, 2021. "The great crime recovery: Crimes against women during, and after, the COVID-19 lockdown in Mexico," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 41(C).
    7. Beatton, Tony & Kidd, Michael P. & Sandi, Matteo, 2020. "School indiscipline and crime," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 108475, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    8. Roman, Soraya & Aguiar-Palma, Marina & Machado, Cecilia, 2023. "A tale of two cities: Heterogeneous effects of COVID-19 quarantine on domestic violence in Brazil," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 331(C).
    9. Amalia R. Miller & Carmit Segal & Melissa K. Spencer, 2024. "Effects of the COVID‐19 pandemic on domestic violence in Los Angeles," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 91(361), pages 163-187, January.
    10. Kyriakos C. Neanidis & Maria P. Rana, 2023. "Crime in the era of COVID‐19: Evidence from England," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 63(5), pages 1100-1130, November.
    11. -, 2021. "Post Pandemic Covid-19 Economic Recovery: Enabling Latin America and the Caribbean to better harness e-commerce and digital trade," Coediciones, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 46858 edited by Eclac, July.
    12. Nora Lustig & Valentina Martinez Pabon & Guido Neidhöfer & Mariano Tommasi, 2020. "Short and Long-Run Distributional Impacts of COVID-19 in Latin America," Working Papers 2013, Tulane University, Department of Economics.
    13. M. Amelia Gibbons & Tommy E. Murphy & Martín A. Rossi, 2021. "Confinement and intimate partner violence," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 74(3), pages 349-361, August.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    citizen security and social prevention; domestic violence; lockdown; COVID; violence reporting; Argentina;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • H12 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Crisis Management

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