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Does the hedge fund industry deliver alpha?

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Abstract

We measure the total-risk-adjusted (as opposed to factor-risk-adjusted) performance of hedge fund indices in well-diversified portfolios. Alpha is defined as the difference between, on the one hand, the average return on a mean-variance efficient portfolio containing exclusively traditional market assets (such as stocks and bonds) and, on the other hand, the average return on a mean-variance efficient portfolio containing traditional market assets and the new asset (such as a hedge fund index), where both portfolios carry the same risk. Alpha is conditioned on this risk level. Outlier-robust mean-variance efficient portfolios are constructed by using Minimum Volume Ellipsoid (MVE) estimates of location and scatter. We find that, between July 1995 and December 2005, the broad Credit Suisse/Tremont hedge index did not deliver statistically significant alpha.

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  • Wagenvoort, Rien, 2007. "Does the hedge fund industry deliver alpha?," Economic and Financial Reports 2006/2, European Investment Bank, Economics Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:eibefr:2006_002
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    1. William Fung & David A. Hsieh & Narayan Y. Naik & Tarun Ramadorai, 2008. "Hedge Funds: Performance, Risk, and Capital Formation," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 63(4), pages 1777-1803, August.
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    5. Hinloopen, Jeroen & Wagenvoort, Rien, 1997. "On the computation and efficiency of a HBP-GM estimator some simulation results," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 1-15, July.
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    8. Baquero, Guillermo & ter Horst, Jenke & Verbeek, Marno, 2005. "Survival, Look-Ahead Bias, and Persistence in Hedge Fund Performance," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 40(03), pages 493-517, September.
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    Keywords

    Hedge fund; Total-risk-adjusted; factor-risk adjusted; alpha; market asset;

    JEL classification:

    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors

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