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Board Characteristics and Firm’s Financial Performance in Nigeria

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Abstract

The fallout from the financial crisis has placed a heavier focus on best practices for corporate governance principles. Boards of directors feel more pressure than ever before to be transparent and accountable. The study examined the effect of board size and its independence on the performance of listed entities in Nigeria. It further determined the effect of board diligence and board diversity on the performance of quoted firms in Nigeria. These were with the view of examining the relationship that exists between board characteristics and performance of quoted firms in Nigeria. The study which covered a ten-year period (2009–2018) made use of secondary data sourced from published annual reports and accounts of 35 purposively selected listed companies on the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE). The Pooled Ordinary Least Square (OLS) and Generalised least square method of regression techniques were employed in analyzing the data obtained. Findings from the study revealed that a significant negative relationship exists between earnings per share and board size with a coefficient of -0.33 and p-value of 0.0095 (>0.01) and between earnings per share and board diligence with coefficients of -0.43 and -0.48 and p-value of 0.02 (>0.05) and 0.0095 (>0.01) respectively, but no significant relationship exists between earnings per share and board independence with coefficients of -2.67 and –1.64 and p-value of 0.0218 and 0.49 respectively and between earnings per share and board gender diversity with coefficients of 0.06 and 0.08 and p-value of 0.42 and 0.36 respectively.The study concluded that board size and board diligence have impact on the performance of quoted companies in Nigeria, while board independence and gender diversity do not have effect on the performance of quoted firms in Nigeria. It was recommended small board size of diverse educational background and wide experiences of members, and regular meetings to discuss matters that concern the performance of firms.

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  • Dele Akinwole, Babatunde & M. Ajide, Folorunsho, 2020. "Board Characteristics and Firm’s Financial Performance in Nigeria," Working Papers 15, Department of Economics, University of Ilorin.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:decilo:0015
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    Keywords

    Corporate Governance; independent directors; board characteristics; Performance;
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