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Productivity Growth in Different Firm Sizes in the Malaysian Manufacturing Sector: An Empirical Investigation

  • Kim, Sangho

    (Honam University)

  • Park, Donghyun

    (Asian Development Bank)

  • Park, Jong-Ho

    (Sunchon National University)

Based on Cuesta (2000), this paper develops a stochastic frontier production model that allows for different groups of firms to have different patterns of technical efficiency over time. The authors apply the model to the Malaysian manufacturing sector to decompose total factor productivity growth into technical efficiency change and technical progress for different firm sizes— e.g., large and small—in seven industries during 2000–2004. The empirical results indicate that technical efficiency has worsened across all industries and firm sizes. In contrast, evidence of substantial technical progress was found in all industries. In fact, technical progress has been larger than technical efficiency deterioration in most industries and firm sizes, leading to total factor productivity growth. The analysis identifies the industries and firm sizes that lag the most in productivity, and thus have the greatest scope for policies that facilitate productivity growth.

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Paper provided by Asian Development Bank in its series ADB Economics Working Paper Series with number 176.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ris:adbewp:0176
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  1. Cornwell, Christopher & Schmidt, Peter & Sickles, Robin C., 1989. "Production Frontiers With Cross-Sectinal And Time-Series Variation In Efficiency Levels," Working Papers 89-18, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
  2. Schmidt, Peter & Sickles, Robin C, 1984. "Production Frontiers and Panel Data," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 2(4), pages 367-74, October.
  3. Kumbhakar, Subal C., 1990. "Production frontiers, panel data, and time-varying technical inefficiency," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 46(1-2), pages 201-211.
  4. Pitt, Mark M. & Lee, Lung-Fei, 1981. "The measurement and sources of technical inefficiency in the Indonesian weaving industry," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 43-64, August.
  5. Sangho Kim & Young Hoon Lee, 2006. "The productivity debate of East Asia revisited: a stochastic frontier approach," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(14), pages 1697-1706.
  6. Battese, George E. & Coelli, Tim J., 1988. "Prediction of firm-level technical efficiencies with a generalized frontier production function and panel data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 387-399, July.
  7. Kumbhakar, Subal C, 1987. "Production Frontiers and Panel Data: An Application to U.S. Class 1 Railroads," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 5(2), pages 249-55, April.
  8. Menon, Jayant, 1998. "Total factor productivity growth in foreign and domestic firms in Malaysian manufacturing," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 251-280.
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