IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Science and technology in today’s economy. the fourth stage in the organisation of production (Science et technologie dans l’economie contemporaine. Le quatreme moment de l’organisation de la production)


  • Dimitri Uzunidis

    () (labrii, ULCO)


The historical context determines for most part the order of priority of the scientific phenomena to study, the techniques (methods and tools) to use, as well as the social use which will be made of the results. Classical Economists highlighted three stages in the transformation of the production forces of capitalism: meetings of workers isolated under the same management, followed by the division of the work and the differentiation of the tasks, then by the clear separation between intellectual and manual work. This paper presents the fourth stage in the productive organisation: an organisation based on the spatial de-concentration of the achievement of this production and on decisional, financial and informational centralisation that the applications of contemporary science allow. Concerning the organisation of labour, this fourth moment is characterised by the combination in the same group of staff paid by the company itself and a salaried staff paid by other organisations, but appropriated by the company which makes use of the said group. This fourth stage is the one of the unprecedented marketability of science, organised as a network by enterprises and states in a clear technological aim. Le contexte historique conditionne pour une grande partie l’ordre des priorités sur le plan scientifique et technique ainsi que sur le plan de l’application des résultats de la recherche. Les économistes classiques ont mis en évidence trois moments historiques durant lesquels les forces de production du capitalisme se sont transformées : le regroupement des travailleurs isolés sous le même commandement a été suivi par la division du travail et la différenciation des tâches, puis par la séparation claire du travail intellectuel du travail manuel. Ce document présente le quatrième moment de l’organisation productive : une organisation fondée sur la déconcentration spatiale de la réalisation de la production et sur la centralisation décisionnelle, financière et informationnelle permises par les avancées scientifiques et techniques actuelles. Concernant l’organisation du travail, ce quatrième moment est caractérisé par la combinaison dans un même collectif de salariés appartenant à une entreprise et d’autres qui appartiennent à d’autres entreprises mais dont le travail est réalisé pour le compte de la première entreprise. Le quatrième moment est lié à une marchéisation sans précédent de la science, organisée en réseau par les entreprises et les Etats dans un but clairement technologique.

Suggested Citation

  • Dimitri Uzunidis, 2006. "Science and technology in today’s economy. the fourth stage in the organisation of production (Science et technologie dans l’economie contemporaine. Le quatreme moment de l’organisation de la producti," Working Papers 125, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
  • Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:125

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Robinson, Joan, 1977. "What Are the Questions?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 15(4), pages 1318-1339, December.
    2. Blandine Laperche, 2001. "Potentiel d'innovation des grandes entreprises et État, argumentation évolutionniste sur l'appropriation des informations scientifiques et techniques," Innovations, De Boeck Université, vol. 13(1), pages 61-85.
    3. Barro, Robert J, 1990. "Government Spending in a Simple Model of Endogenous Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 103-126, October.
    4. Bruno Van Pottelsberghe & Dominique Guellec, 2001. "The effectiveness of public policies in R&D," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/6225, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    5. Freeman, Chris & Louca, Francisco, 2002. "As Time Goes By: From the Industrial Revolutions to the Information Revolution," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199251056.
    6. Romer, Paul M, 1990. "Endogenous Technological Change," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 71-102, October.
    7. William Clinton & A. Gore, 1993. "Technology For America'S Growth," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(1), pages 88-91.
    8. Dominique Foray, 2006. "The Economics of Knowledge," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262562235, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    today’s economy; technologie; organization of production;

    JEL classification:

    • P19 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Other
    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:125. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Philippe Chagnon). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.