IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Science and technology in today’s economy. the fourth stage in the organisation of production (Science et technologie dans l’economie contemporaine. Le quatreme moment de l’organisation de la production)

Listed author(s):
  • Dimitri Uzunidis


    (labrii, ULCO)

The historical context determines for most part the order of priority of the scientific phenomena to study, the techniques (methods and tools) to use, as well as the social use which will be made of the results. Classical Economists highlighted three stages in the transformation of the production forces of capitalism: meetings of workers isolated under the same management, followed by the division of the work and the differentiation of the tasks, then by the clear separation between intellectual and manual work. This paper presents the fourth stage in the productive organisation: an organisation based on the spatial de-concentration of the achievement of this production and on decisional, financial and informational centralisation that the applications of contemporary science allow. Concerning the organisation of labour, this fourth moment is characterised by the combination in the same group of staff paid by the company itself and a salaried staff paid by other organisations, but appropriated by the company which makes use of the said group. This fourth stage is the one of the unprecedented marketability of science, organised as a network by enterprises and states in a clear technological aim. Le contexte historique conditionne pour une grande partie l’ordre des priorités sur le plan scientifique et technique ainsi que sur le plan de l’application des résultats de la recherche. Les économistes classiques ont mis en évidence trois moments historiques durant lesquels les forces de production du capitalisme se sont transformées : le regroupement des travailleurs isolés sous le même commandement a été suivi par la division du travail et la différenciation des tâches, puis par la séparation claire du travail intellectuel du travail manuel. Ce document présente le quatrième moment de l’organisation productive : une organisation fondée sur la déconcentration spatiale de la réalisation de la production et sur la centralisation décisionnelle, financière et informationnelle permises par les avancées scientifiques et techniques actuelles. Concernant l’organisation du travail, ce quatrième moment est caractérisé par la combinaison dans un même collectif de salariés appartenant à une entreprise et d’autres qui appartiennent à d’autres entreprises mais dont le travail est réalisé pour le compte de la première entreprise. Le quatrième moment est lié à une marchéisation sans précédent de la science, organisée en réseau par les entreprises et les Etats dans un but clairement technologique.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 125.

in new window

Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2006
Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, Avril 2006
Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:125
Contact details of provider: Postal:
Maison de la recherche en sciences de l'homme, 21 quai de la Citadelle, 59140 Dunkerque

Phone: (33) 3 28 23 71 35
Fax: (33) 3 28 23 71 43 or (33) 3 28 23 71 10
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

in new window

  1. Robinson, Joan, 1977. "What Are the Questions?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 15(4), pages 1318-1339, December.
  2. William Clinton & A. Gore, 1993. "Technology For America'S Growth," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(1), pages 88-91.
  3. Freeman, Chris & Louca, Francisco, 2002. "As Time Goes By: From the Industrial Revolutions to the Information Revolution," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199251056.
  4. Paul Romer, 1989. "Endogenous Technological Change," NBER Working Papers 3210, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Bruno Van Pottelsberghe & Dominique Guellec, 2001. "The effectiveness of public policies in R&D," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/6225, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  6. Barro, Robert J., 1990. "Government Spending in a Simple Model of Endogeneous Growth," Scholarly Articles 3451296, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  7. Blandine Laperche, 2001. "Potentiel d'innovation des grandes entreprises et État, argumentation évolutionniste sur l'appropriation des informations scientifiques et techniques," Innovations, De Boeck Université, vol. 13(1), pages 61-85.
  8. Dominique Foray, 2006. "The Economics of Knowledge," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262562235.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:125. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Philippe Chagnon)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.