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Forest Management Zone Design with a Tabu Search Algorithm


  • Emina Krcmar
  • Snezana Mitrovic-Minic
  • G. Cornelis van Kooten
  • Ilan Vertinsky


Increased conflicts between timber production and environmental protection led some analysts to advocate land-use segregation, often referred to as forest management zoning. The objective of zoning is to create ecologically desirable non-fragmented forest reserves and group timber production areas. We formulate an integer programming model of forest zoning that explicitly addresses clustering of spatial units allocated to timber production and reserve zones while also promoting separation of these zones. A tabu search algorithm is developed, implemented and tested using a case study. The case study results indicate that up to 5% of the net financial return is sacrificed with a 'satisfactory' grouping of units within each zone. A 'good' separation between the reserves and timber production zone is achieved at the cost of further decline of the net financial return up to 11% relative to the unconstrained case.

Suggested Citation

  • Emina Krcmar & Snezana Mitrovic-Minic & G. Cornelis van Kooten & Ilan Vertinsky, 2005. "Forest Management Zone Design with a Tabu Search Algorithm," Working Papers 2005-12, University of Victoria, Department of Economics, Resource Economics and Policy Analysis Research Group.
  • Handle: RePEc:rep:wpaper:2005-12

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    File Function: Final version, 2005
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    More about this item


    forest planning; integer programming; reserves; tabu search; timber production; zoning;

    JEL classification:

    • C60 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - General
    • Q23 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Forestry
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns


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