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The Effect of Tax-Deferred Retirement Saving Accounts: A Dynamic General Equilibrium Analysis

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  • Shinichi Nishiyama

    (Georgia State University)

Abstract

The present paper constructs a dynamic general-equilibrium OLG model with heterogeneous households and analyzes the effect of tax-deferred retirement saving accounts. When stylized 401(k)-type accounts are introduced, the government tax revenue decreases by 26% in the short run and by 15% in the long run. If the government finances these costs by a onetime income tax increase with government debt, it has to raise the marginal tax rates by 31% to make the policy change sustainable. National wealth and output will decline by 1.4% and 2.8%, respectively, in the long run, and households of all cohorts will be worse off.

Suggested Citation

  • Shinichi Nishiyama, 2009. "The Effect of Tax-Deferred Retirement Saving Accounts: A Dynamic General Equilibrium Analysis," 2009 Meeting Papers 957, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed009:957
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jagadeesh Gokhale & Laurence J. Kotlikoff & Mark J. Warshawsky, 2001. "Life-cycle saving, limits on contributions to DC pension plans, and lifetime tax benefits," Working Paper 0102, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
    2. Steven F. Venti & David A. Wise, 1990. "Have IRAs Increased U. S. Saving?: Evidence from Consumer Expenditure Surveys," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 105(3), pages 661-698.
    3. Gomes, Francisco J & Michaelides, Alexander & Polkovnichenko, Valery, 2005. "Wealth Accumulation and Portfolio Choice with Taxable and Tax-Deferred Accounts," CEPR Discussion Papers 4852, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Juan C. Conesa & Dirk Krueger, 1999. "Social Security Reform with Heterogeneous Agents," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 2(4), pages 757-795, October.
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