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FRS17 and the Sterling Doubles A Corporate Yield Curve

Author

Listed:
  • Frank Skinner

    (ICMA Centre, University of Reading)

  • Michalis Ioannides

    (Watson Wyatt LLP, UK)

Abstract

The skewness in physical distributions of equity index returns and the implied volatility skew in the risk-neutral measure are subjects of extensive academic research. Much attention is now being focused on models that are able to capture time-varying conditional skewness and kurtosis. For this reason normal mixture GARCH(1,1) models have become very popular in financial econometrics. We introduce further asymmetries into this class of models by modifying the GARCH(1,1) variance processes to skewed variance processes with leverage effects. These asymmetric normal mixture GARCH models can differentiate between two different sources of asymmetry: a persistent asymmetry due to the different means in the conditional normal mixture distributions, and a dynamic asymmetry (the leverage effect) due to the skewed GARCH processes. Empirical results on five major equity indices first employ many statistical criteria to determine whether asymmetric (GJR and AGARCH) normal mixture GARCH models can improve on asymmetric normal and Student's-t GARCH specifications. These models were also used to simulate implied volatility smiles for the S&P index, and we find that much the most realistic skews are obtained from a GARCH model with a mixture of two GJR variance components.

Suggested Citation

  • Frank Skinner & Michalis Ioannides, 2004. "FRS17 and the Sterling Doubles A Corporate Yield Curve," ICMA Centre Discussion Papers in Finance icma-dp2004-08, Henley Business School, University of Reading.
  • Handle: RePEc:rdg:icmadp:icma-dp2004-08
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    File URL: http://www.icmacentre.ac.uk/pdf/discussion/DP2004-09.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Corporate Yield Curves; valuation of defined benefit liabilities;

    JEL classification:

    • M41 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - Accounting
    • G22 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Insurance; Insurance Companies; Actuarial Studies
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors

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