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Peru: Drivers of De-dollarization


  • Garcia-Escribano, Mercedes

    (International Monetary Fund)


Peru has successfully pursued a market-driven financial de-dollarization during the last decade. Dollarization of credit and deposit of commercial banks—across all sectors and maturities—has declined, with larger declines for commercial credit and time and saving deposits. The analysis presented in this paper confirms that de-dollarization has been driven by macroeconomic stability, introduction of prudential policies to better reflect currency risk (such as the management of reserve requirements), and the development of the capital market in soles. Further de-dollarization efforts could focus on these three fronts. Given the now consolidated macroeconomic stability, greater exchange rate flexibility could foster de-dollarization; additional prudential measures could further discourage banks’ lending and funding in foreign currency; while further capital market development in domestic currency would help overall financial de-dollarization.

Suggested Citation

  • Garcia-Escribano, Mercedes, 2010. "Peru: Drivers of De-dollarization," Working Papers 2010-011, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:wpaper:2010-011

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Quispe Misaico, Zenón, 2000. "Política monetaria en una economía con dolarización parcial: el caso del Perú," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 6.
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    Cited by:

    1. Peter L. Pedroni & Concha Verdugo Yepes, 2011. "The Relationship Between Illicit Coca Production and Formal Economic Activity in Peru," IMF Working Papers 11/182, International Monetary Fund.

    More about this item


    Dollarization; de-dollarization; monetary policy;

    JEL classification:

    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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