Large Courts, Small Justice! The inefficiency and the optimal structure of the Italian Justice Sector
Despite its economic development, the average length of trials in Italy is one of the highest in the world. In this paper we analyze the efficiency of the Italian courts of justice for the period 2003 to 2008. Results show that technical efficiency (lack of best practice adoption) is almost 40% and size inefficiency (courts operating on a too large scale) is about 35% of total inefficiency of the sector. It emerges clearly that the single most effective (and feasible) policy intervention is the splitting of large courts of justice. This would boost the ability of the system to process cases and it should put it on a sustainable path with beneficial effects for economic growth.
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