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Bees Out of the Pandora’s Box: Economic Consequences of National Register in Assam


  • Sengupta, Atanu
  • De, Sanjoy


In India, at present, there is a lot of hue and cry for and against the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam. All the arguments are however based on false perception of migration and its ill or well effects on the economy. We have used the Census 2001 data to understand the nature and trend of migration in Assam. Our analysis suggests that the recent uproar over illegal migrants from neighboring country in Assam is more of a myth than reality and does not hold much economic justification. Firstly, official data suggests that the flow of internal migration in various districts of Assam is miniscule. Moreover it is showing a declining trend over the last few decades. The historical international migration that took place in Assam was due to mainly ‘push’ factor and no such ‘push’ factors have been in sight in the last few decades. Secondly and more importantly, migration of any form (though waning in Assam) adds to the prosperity and well-being of the state.

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  • Sengupta, Atanu & De, Sanjoy, 2018. "Bees Out of the Pandora’s Box: Economic Consequences of National Register in Assam," MPRA Paper 88755, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:88755

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Stark, Oded & Bloom, David E, 1985. "The New Economics of Labor Migration," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(2), pages 173-178, May.
    2. S. Chandrasekhar & Ajay Sharma, "undated". "Internal Migration for Education and Employment among Youth in India," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2014-004, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
    3. Harris, John R & Todaro, Michael P, 1970. "Migration, Unemployment & Development: A Two-Sector Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(1), pages 126-142, March.
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    More about this item


    Migration; National Register of Citizens; Census 2001;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers


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