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Толерантность, Сотрудничество И Экономический Рост
[Tolerance, collaboration and economic growth]

Author

Abstract

Institutional (in particular, political) pluralism is a fundamental feature of modern developed societies. Its cultural basis is the tolerance of citizens. The paper proposes to distinguish between legal, evaluative and interactive tolerance. This distinction makes it possible to explain the contradictory results obtained with econometric studies of tolerance and its links with the economic growth. Legal tolerance is the basis of competitive pluralism, and interactive one is the prerequisite for the formation of consensus pluralism, based on the collaboration of various social forces. Struggle for resources, intra- and intercountry inequality, "history wars" and prejudices prevent the strengthening of tolerance. Attention is drawn to the "paradox of political correctness": dogmatic tolerance generates intolerant behavior. It is noted that interactive tolerance in developing countries is significantly correlated with technological progress and the level of well-being. The existence of this relationship, which is realized through the collaboration mechanisms, gives the ground for supposition that, despite the contradictory dynamics of the tolerance level in the past 25 years, tolerance will be strengthening in the long run.

Suggested Citation

  • Polterovich, Victor, 2017. "Толерантность, Сотрудничество И Экономический Рост
    [Tolerance, collaboration and economic growth]
    ," MPRA Paper 81277, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:81277
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/81277/1/MPRA_paper_81277.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Stelios H Zanakis & William Newburry & Vasyl Taras, 2016. "Global Social Tolerance Index and multi-method country rankings sensitivity," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 47(4), pages 480-497, May.
    2. Niclas Berggren & Mikael Elinder, 2012. "Is tolerance good or bad for growth?," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 150(1), pages 283-308, January.
    3. Haifeng Qian, 2013. "Diversity Versus Tolerance: The Social Drivers of Innovation and Entrepreneurship in US Cities," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 50(13), pages 2718-2735, October.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    tolerance; pluralism; collaboration; trust; inequality; corporatism; innovation;

    JEL classification:

    • B52 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - Historical; Institutional; Evolutionary
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O43 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Institutions and Growth
    • P51 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems

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