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Yeniliklerin Dış Ticarete Etkileri Üzerine Mekansal Ekonometrik Bir Analiz: 2002-2009 Türkiye Örneği
[A Spatial Econometric Analysis on the Effects of Innovations on Foreign Trade: 2002-2009 Turkey Case]

Author

Listed:
  • Demir, Caner
  • Yurteri, Begüm
  • Türkcan, Burcu

Abstract

This study deals with the interaction between innovations and foreign trade across NUTS2 (Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics–2) regions of Turkey during the time period of 2002–2009. The aim of this study is to deal with the effects of innovations on the foreign trade, by considering the spatial effects across regions. In this context, the export booster and import dimmer effects of innovations are examined through estimating two separate models for export and import. Particularly, the import model has a special importance by investigating whether innovations can be a solution to Turkey’s chronic dependence on imported inputs. Besides, choice of the research sample as NUTS2 level, allows us to examine the clustering tendency of innovations, imports and exports. The evidences show that in both export and import models, innovations have significant and positive effects on dependent variables and this result proves that in Turkey innovations have a boost effect on both variables. In addition to these, the evidences related to testing spatial effect show that there is a clustering tendency for export, import and innovations. Also this result reveals that neighborhood relations are effective on the interaction between regions.

Suggested Citation

  • Demir, Caner & Yurteri, Begüm & Türkcan, Burcu, 2013. "Yeniliklerin Dış Ticarete Etkileri Üzerine Mekansal Ekonometrik Bir Analiz: 2002-2009 Türkiye Örneği
    [A Spatial Econometric Analysis on the Effects of Innovations on Foreign Trade: 2002-2009 Turkey
    ," MPRA Paper 77615, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:77615
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/77615/4/MPRA_paper_77615.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. I. Bertschek, 1995. "How to Stay in The Market? - Products and Process Innovation as a Response to Increasing Imports and Foreign Direct Investment," SFB 373 Discussion Papers 1995,7, Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes.
    2. Gene M. Grossman & Elhanan Helpman, 1991. "Quality Ladders in the Theory of Growth," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(1), pages 43-61.
    3. Grossman, Gene M & Helpman, Elhanan, 1990. "Trade, Innovation, and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(2), pages 86-91, May.
    4. Maskus, Keith E. & Penubarti, Mohan, 1995. "How trade-related are intellectual property rights?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3-4), pages 227-248, November.
    5. Bertschek, Irene, 1995. "Product and Process Innovation as a Response to Increasing Import and Foreign Direct Investment," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(4), pages 341-357, December.
    6. Santacreu, Ana Maria, 2015. "Innovation, diffusion, and trade: Theory and measurement," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 1-20.
    7. Luc Anselin, 2003. "Spatial Externalities, Spatial Multipliers, And Spatial Econometrics," International Regional Science Review, , vol. 26(2), pages 153-166, April.
    8. Aida Caldera, 2010. "Innovation and exporting: evidence from Spanish manufacturing firms," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 146(4), pages 657-689, December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Innovation; Export; Import; Spatial Panel Data Analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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