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Is gold good for hedging? lessons from the Malaysian sectoral stock indices


  • Rahim, Yasmin
  • Masih, Mansur


Econometricians had been blamed for the financial crises that occurred due to their giving a ‘false hope’ to investors and policy makers using untested theoretical assumptions. Therefore, econometricians had been challenged to reform their studies by grounding them more solidly on reality. The theory of Markowitz 1952 in the context of investment portfolio urged the investor ‘not to put all eggs in one basket’ implying to diversify their investment portfolio as a mechanism to minimize the risk. Controversies pertaining to the role of gold and its stability to diversify the investment portfolio had been raised and had been puzzling the investors till to date. Normally, the variable used to represent the stock index of a country is in terms of indices and very limited research is found to apply sectoral indices. Therefore, this research is an humble attempt to examine the correlation and causality between the Malaysian sectoral stock indices and gold applying multivariate standard time series techniques using monthly observations ranging from January 2007 until September 2014. We found that gold was the most independent (exogenous) variable compared to the sectoral stock indices even during the 2008 financial crisis period and the most dependent sectors were construction and financial. Therefore, we believe that gold could be a hedging instrument against these sectors. Hence, we humbly suggest to the investors and investment portfolio managers to include gold as part of their investment portfolios.

Suggested Citation

  • Rahim, Yasmin & Masih, Mansur, 2015. "Is gold good for hedging? lessons from the Malaysian sectoral stock indices," MPRA Paper 63928, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:63928

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Dirk G. Baur & Brian M. Lucey, 2010. "Is Gold a Hedge or a Safe Haven? An Analysis of Stocks, Bonds and Gold," The Financial Review, Eastern Finance Association, vol. 45(2), pages 217-229, May.
    2. John L. Evans & Stephen H. Archer, 1968. "Diversification And The Reduction Of Dispersion: An Empirical Analysis," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 23(5), pages 761-767, December.
    3. Statman, Meir, 1987. "How Many Stocks Make a Diversified Portfolio?," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 22(03), pages 353-363, September.
    4. D. COLANDER & al., 2010. "The Financial Crisis and the Systemic Failure of Academic Economics," VOPROSY ECONOMIKI, N.P. Redaktsiya zhurnala "Voprosy Economiki", vol. 6.
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    More about this item


    sectoral stock indices; gold; Granger-causality; time series techniques;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C58 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Financial Econometrics
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions

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