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Transitional Dynamics of Oil Prices

Author

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  • Kal, Süleyman Hilmi
  • Arslaner, Ferhat
  • Arslaner, Nuran

Abstract

There has been a well-known relationship between macro financial fundamentals and oil prices, yet there is also ample evidence that this relationship weakens during some periods. In this paper, we investigated whether the relationship between oil and macro financial fundamentals vary depending on gold price of oil. To achieve this, a Markov model is implemented to the monthly data for the period 1974 - 2010. In the Markov model utilized in this paper, transition probabilities are endogenous and governed by the volatilities of oil, gold, stock market and exchange rate. This allowed us to endogenously model the switching process. Our results provide evidence that the link between oil price and macro financial fundamentals disappears in the periods of inexpensive gold price of oil. Our findings also provide evidence that the volatilities of the variables matter only when gold price of oil is inexpensive.

Suggested Citation

  • Kal, Süleyman Hilmi & Arslaner, Ferhat & Arslaner, Nuran, 2013. "Transitional Dynamics of Oil Prices," MPRA Paper 56407, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:56407
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/56407/1/MPRA_paper_56407.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Frommel, Michael & MacDonald, Ronald & Menkhoff, Lukas, 2005. "Markov switching regimes in a monetary exchange rate model," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 485-502, May.
    2. Engel, Charles & Hamilton, James D, 1990. "Long Swings in the Dollar: Are They in the Data and Do Markets Know It?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(4), pages 689-713, September.
    3. Jeffrey A. Frankel, 2008. "The Effect of Monetary Policy on Real Commodity Prices," NBER Chapters,in: Asset Prices and Monetary Policy, pages 291-333 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Goldfeld, Stephen M. & Quandt, Richard E., 1973. "A Markov model for switching regressions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 3-15, March.
    5. Hamilton, James D., 1990. "Analysis of time series subject to changes in regime," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 45(1-2), pages 39-70.
    6. Shawkat Hammoudeh & Ramazan Sari & Bradley T. Ewing, 2009. "Relationships Among Strategic Commodities And With Financial Variables: A New Look," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 27(2), pages 251-264, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Kal, Süleyman Hilmi & Arslaner, Ferhat & Arslaner, Nuran, 2015. "The dynamic relationship between stock, bond and foreign exchange markets," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 39(4), pages 592-607.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Oil Price; Gold Oil Ratio; Exchange Rates; Interest Rates; Stock Market Yields; Time Series Analysis; Markov Switching Regimes;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates

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