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NCAA Athletic Departments: An Empirical Investigation of the Effects of Revenue and Conference Changes


  • Pincin, Jared
  • Hoffer, Adam


The paper uses a panel of athletic department revenue and expenditure data of 227 public colleges and universities to empirically investigate the behavior of NCAA Division I athletic departments over the period 2006 – 2011. Four primary hypotheses were tested: (1) the effect of revenue changes on individual expenditure categories, (2) how individual revenue streams influence total expenditures, (3) whether changes in individual revenue categories change the size of the athletic department’s subsidy, and (4) how total revenue and expenditures change when a school switches conference affiliation. The empirical results show that when a school receives additional athletic revenue, expenditures for coaches can be as high as 10 times more than direct expenditures for athletes. For every one dollar increase in ticket sale revenue, total expenditures can rise by $0.83 and reduce a school’s athletic subsidy by $0.19. Lastly, changing conferences can increase total revenue and total expenditures by millions of dollars.

Suggested Citation

  • Pincin, Jared & Hoffer, Adam, 2013. "NCAA Athletic Departments: An Empirical Investigation of the Effects of Revenue and Conference Changes," MPRA Paper 49807, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:49807

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Brad R. Humphreys & Jane E. Ruseski, 2009. "Monitoring Cartel Behavior and Stability: Evidence from NCAA Football," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 75(3), pages 720-735, January.
    2. Craig A. Depken II & Dennis P. Wilson, 2006. "NCAA Enforcement and Competitive Balance in College Football," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 72(4), pages 826-845, April.
    3. Devin G. Pope & Jaren C. Pope, 2009. "The Impact of College Sports Success on the Quantity and Quality of Student Applications," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 75(3), pages 750-780, January.
    4. Fleisher, Arthur III & Shughart, William II & Tollison, Robert D. & Goff, Brian L., 1988. "Crime or punishment? : Enforcement of the NCAA football cartel," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 433-451, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bazaleva, Regina & Kaznacheev, Peter, 2015. "Arctic Offshore Exploitation (Regulatory and Tax Regimes for Oil Companies in the USA, Russia and Norway)," Economic Policy, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, vol. 2, pages 110-132.

    More about this item


    NCAA expenditures; athletic subsidy; athletic departments; conference realignment; bureaucracy;

    JEL classification:

    • H3 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism

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