The Equation of Exchange: A Derivation
This paper provides a theoretically plausible model to explain the equation of exchange, deriving it from an agent's utility maximization problem and the profit maximization behavior of a competitive firm. It shows that the marginal propensity to consume is constant, while the average propensity to consume is decreasing as income increases. Supporting the notion that consumption growth is positively related to income growth, it confirms that the marginal propensity to consume has a theoretical basis for modifying velocity, money demand and consumption,given that money demand is inversely related to the interest rate and positively related to income.
|Date of creation:||26 Sep 2011|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Published in The American Economist Number 2.LVII(2012): pp. 210-215|
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Web page: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de
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- James M. Poterba & Julio J. Rotemberg, 1986.
"Money in the Utility Function: An Empirical Implementation,"
NBER Working Papers
1796, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- James M. Poterba & Julio J. Rotemberg, 1986. "Money in the Utility Function: An Empirical Implementation," Working papers 408, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
- Klein, Benjamin, 1973. "Income Velocity, Interest Rates, and the Money Supply Multiplier: A Reinterpretation of the Long-Term Evidence," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 5(2), pages 656-67, May.
- Siklos, P.L., 1991.
"Income Velocity and Institutional Change: Some New Time Series Evidence, 1870-1986,"
91150, Wilfrid Laurier University, Department of Economics.
- Siklos, Pierre L, 1993. "Income Velocity and Institutional Change: Some New Time Series Evidence, 1870-1986," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 25(3), pages 377-92, August.
- Husted, Steven & Rush, Mark, 1984. "On measuring the nearness of near moneys revisited," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 171-181, September.
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