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Trends and Patterns in Consumption Expenditure: A Review of Class and Rural-Urban Disparities

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  • Roy, Satyaki

Abstract

This paper primarily aims to capture the changing patterns of consumption expenditure of three broad classes, namely, the ‘upper’ ‘middle’ and ‘bottom’ classes in the rural and urban India. In contrast to what is generally held that differences in consumption of necessaries across classes decline more the economy grows, this paper argues that there had been hardly any sign of convergence. Furthermore, in the cases of most of the food and non‐food items, especially, education and medical services the consumption expenditure in real terms is showing trends of a widening gap between the upper and the bottom classes.

Suggested Citation

  • Roy, Satyaki, 2011. "Trends and Patterns in Consumption Expenditure: A Review of Class and Rural-Urban Disparities," MPRA Paper 35901, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:35901
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/35901/7/MPRA_paper_35901.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Abhijit V. Banerjee & Esther Duflo, 2008. "What Is Middle Class about the Middle Classes around the World?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 22(2), pages 3-28, Spring.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    consumption; class; inequality;

    JEL classification:

    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
    • E65 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Studies of Particular Policy Episodes
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth

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