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The Goldilocks economy of the United States in comparison with Europe: an analysis with EUROMON


  • Peeters, H.M.M.


The economic development in the United States has been very successful over the past decade, with high economic growth being accompanied by relatively low inflation. This article explores this development, comparing the economy of the United States with that of the EMU. In addition, it considers the contrasts between the large and the small EMU countries as regards the correlation between inflation and unemployment. Analyses based on simulations using the Bank's multicountry model EUROMON show how the economy in the United States would have developed in circumstances more typical of a 'standard economy', to which the traditional Phillips curve applies. Subsequently, also drawing on simulations, this article discusses several aspects of the new economy in the United States and the EMU, i.e. spending impulses in combination with more scope for market forces, and in combination with technological progress, for example, in the field of computers and information.

Suggested Citation

  • Peeters, H.M.M., 2000. "The Goldilocks economy of the United States in comparison with Europe: an analysis with EUROMON," MPRA Paper 29633, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:29633

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. W. Bolt & P.J.A. van Els, 1998. "Output gap and inflation in the EU," WO Research Memoranda (discontinued) 550, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
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    More about this item


    economic growth; inflation; unemployment; new economy; EMU; information technology;

    JEL classification:

    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies


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