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Le rôle de la dette dans le LBO : une revue de la littérature
[Debt in LBO projects: survey of the literature]

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  • Yousfi, Ouidad

Abstract

After 1985, a large number of LBO projects were not able to meet their debt, like for example Federated Department Stores LBO repurchased by Campeau and Gateway LBO repurchased by Macy's. But, the conventional view of LBO transactions is that they are designed to improve the efficiency of the firm. The question raised in this paper is the following : What makes the buyout debt so advantageous ? To answer this question, we provide a survey of the theoretical and empirical literature based on two opposite sides : On the first side, debt is value enhancing (the agency theory, the tax savings theory, signal theory, and the free cash flows theory). On the other side, debt creates private value captured only by new shareholders : The shareholders' gains come from the exploitation of financial market misevaluation, from the deductibility of the debt's interests, and from rent expropriation from workers, suppliers and other corporate stakeholders (the transfer theory).

Suggested Citation

  • Yousfi, Ouidad, 2007. "Le rôle de la dette dans le LBO : une revue de la littérature
    [Debt in LBO projects: survey of the literature]
    ," MPRA Paper 28708, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2007.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:28708
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/28708/1/MPRA_paper_28708.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. David J Ravenscraft & William F Long, 1993. "The Financial Performance of Whole Company LBOs," Working Papers 93-16, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    2. Catherine Casamatta, 2003. "Financing and Advising: Optimal Financial Contracts with Venture Capitalists," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 58(5), pages 2059-2086, October.
    3. Steven N. Kaplan, 1993. "The Staying Power Of Leveraged Buyouts," Journal of Applied Corporate Finance, Morgan Stanley, vol. 6(1), pages 15-24.
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    5. Jensen, Michael C. & Meckling, William H., 1976. "Theory of the firm: Managerial behavior, agency costs and ownership structure," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 305-360, October.
    6. Lichtenberg, Frank R. & Siegel, Donald, 1990. "The effects of leveraged buyouts on productivity and related aspects of firm behavior," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 165-194, September.
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    8. Andrei Shleifer & Lawrence H. Summers, 1988. "Breach of Trust in Hostile Takeovers," NBER Chapters,in: Corporate Takeovers: Causes and Consequences, pages 33-68 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    18. Ippolito, Richard A & James, William H, 1992. " LBOs, Reversions and Implicit Contracts," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 47(1), pages 139-167, March.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Leverage buy out; asymétrie d�information; dette; structure de capital; free cash-�flows;

    JEL classification:

    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage

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