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Die EU-Richtlinie für Genpatente - eine Rechtsvorschrift aus Sicht der Volkswirtschaftslehre
[The EU guideline for genetic patents - A statutory provision from the macroeconomic perspective]

Author

Listed:
  • Gilroy, Bernard Michael
  • Vollpert, Tobias

Abstract

The decisive statutory provision of the EU for patent protection of genetic engineering inventions is the "Directive 98/44/ EC on the legal protection of biotechnological inventions". Its objective is the encouragement of research and development in the biotech sector. The following exposition shows that the directive has two major flaws from the economist's point of view, which hinder the advancement of R+D in this sector. At first the directive makes no differentiation between basic knowledge and applications, although the access to basic technologies and gene data is essential for further progress of the whole sector. Secondly, the directive does not precisely determine the possible application width of a patent for a genetic invention. This has induced effects under which particularly small and medium-sized enterprises, the driving force of this young line of business, suffer.

Suggested Citation

  • Gilroy, Bernard Michael & Vollpert, Tobias, 2003. "Die EU-Richtlinie für Genpatente - eine Rechtsvorschrift aus Sicht der Volkswirtschaftslehre
    [The EU guideline for genetic patents - A statutory provision from the macroeconomic perspective]
    ," MPRA Paper 21206, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:21206
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/21206/1/MPRA_paper_21206.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Paul Klemperer, 1990. "How Broad Should the Scope of Patent Protection Be?," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 21(1), pages 113-130, Spring.
    2. Richard Gilbert & Carl Shapiro, 1990. "Optimal Patent Length and Breadth," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 21(1), pages 106-112, Spring.
    3. James Bessen & Eric Maskin, 2009. "Sequential innovation, patents, and imitation," RAND Journal of Economics, RAND Corporation, vol. 40(4), pages 611-635.
    4. Waterson, Michael, 1990. "The Economics of Product Patents," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(4), pages 860-869, September.
    5. Zucker, Lynne G & Darby, Michael R & Brewer, Marilynn B, 1998. "Intellectual Human Capital and the Birth of U.S. Biotechnology Enterprises," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(1), pages 290-306, March.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    genetic patents; European guidelies; statutory provision;

    JEL classification:

    • K23 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - Regulated Industries and Administrative Law
    • K4 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior

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