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Supply and Demand Model for the Malaysian Cocoa Market

Author

Listed:
  • Abdel Hameed, Amna Awad
  • Hasanov, Akram
  • Idris, Nurjihan
  • Abdullah, Amin Mahir
  • Mohamed Arshad, Fatimah
  • Shamsudin, Mad Nasir

Abstract

This paper investigates a system of supply, demand, and price equations for Malaysian cocoa using annual data over the period 1975-2008. Theoretically, in supply and demand models, the price variable is treated as endogenous. However, Hausman specification test result indicates that there is no simultaneity problem in the model. Thus, we estimate the system of equations utilizing the Seemingly Unrelated Regression (SUR) estimation technique which might be considered a more efficient estimator for supply and demand model of the Malaysian cocoa. The results suggest that the Malaysian cocoa production is mainly affected by the previous year production, price of cocoa beans at lag two as well as the harvested area. In the export demand equation, the real effective exchange rates is statistically significant determinant while the index of industrial production of advanced economies and the world price of cocoa are found to be insignificant. The results also suggest that both Malaysian industrial production index and domestic price of cocoa beans are key determinants of domestic demand for cocoa beans in Malaysia. Finally, the domestic price of cocoa beans is highly sensitive to its domestic consumption, lagged domestic price, and its world price.

Suggested Citation

  • Abdel Hameed, Amna Awad & Hasanov, Akram & Idris, Nurjihan & Abdullah, Amin Mahir & Mohamed Arshad, Fatimah & Shamsudin, Mad Nasir, 2009. "Supply and Demand Model for the Malaysian Cocoa Market," MPRA Paper 19568, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:19568
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/19568/1/MPRA_paper_19568.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Henk. L.M. Kox, 2004. "The market for cocoa powder," Industrial Organization 0412002, EconWPA.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Supply and Demand; Malaysian Cocoa; SUR technique;

    JEL classification:

    • Q11 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis; Prices
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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