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Does government spending spur economic growth in Nigeria?

Author

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  • Maku, Olukayode E.

Abstract

This study examines the link between government spending and economic growth in Nigeria over the last three decades (1977-2006) using time series data to analyze the Ram (1986) model. Three variants of Ram (1986) model were developed-regressing Real GDP on Private investment, Human capital investment, Government investment and Consumption spending at absolute levels, regressing it as a share of real output and regressing the growth rate real output to the explanatory variable as share of real GDP. Result showed that private and public investments have insignificant effect on economic growth during the review period the review period. An attempt to test for presence of stationary using Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF) unit root test reveals that all variables incorporated in the model were non-stationary at their levels. In an attempt to establish long-run relationship between public expenditure and economic growth, the result reveals that the variables are cointegrated at 5% and 10% critical level. With the use of error correction model to detect short run behaviour of the variables, the result shows that for any distortion in the short-run, the error term restore the relationship back to its original equilibrium by a unit. A number of suggestions were however made on how government spending should be channel in order to influence economic growth significantly and positively in Nigeria.

Suggested Citation

  • Maku, Olukayode E., 2009. "Does government spending spur economic growth in Nigeria?," MPRA Paper 17941, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:17941
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/17941/1/MPRA_paper_17941.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ram, Rati, 1986. "Government Size and Economic Growth: A New Framework and Some Evidencefrom Cross-Section and Time-Series Data," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(1), pages 191-203, March.
    2. International Monetary Fund, 2008. "Impact of Government Expenditure on Growth; The Case of Azerbaijan," IMF Working Papers 08/115, International Monetary Fund.
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    Cited by:

    1. I. Omosebi Ayeomoni & Saheed A. Aladejana, 2016. "Agricultural Credit and Economic Growth Nexus. Evidence from Nigeria," International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 6(2), pages 146-158, April.
    2. Zareen, Shumaila & Qayyum, Abdul, 2014. "An Analysis of the Impact of Government Size on Economic Growth of Pakistan: An Endogenous Growth," MPRA Paper 56139, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Kanayo Kingsley Ogujiuba & Kizito Ehigiamusoe, 2014. "Capital Budget Implementation in Nigeria: Evidence from the 2012 Capital Budget," Contemporary Economics, University of Finance and Management in Warsaw, vol. 8(3), September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Government spending; public infrastructure; economic growth; human capital investment; Government investment.;

    JEL classification:

    • E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
    • H5 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies

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