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Market Stability in Adam Smith: Competitive Process and Institutions

  • Menudo, Jose M.
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    Based on the new way of studying the work of Adam Smith in greater depth, with greater attention being paid to the use and context of his language, this investigation examines the theory of competitive exchange described in The Wealth of Nations, with the aim of bringing new contributions to the field of decision-making beyond the utilitarian theoretical framework. We have found an exchange process with principles of behaviour that are very different to those described in the traditional literature, principally through the leading role of both the cognitive process of decision-making, and of institutions. This work concludes that natural price is a rule of equivalence that guarantees market consistency and that the cognitive process of its participants is described as a mechanism for forming expectations based on institutions outside the market. These conclusions allow us to redefine the hypotheses of Adam Smith’s system of price determination.

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    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 15361.

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    Date of creation: 20 Jun 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:15361
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    1. Carlo Benetti & Jean Cartelier, 1996. "Money and price theory," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 44, pages 37-54, Enero Jun.
    2. Birnbaum, Michael H., 2004. "Tests of rank-dependent utility and cumulative prospect theory in gambles represented by natural frequencies: Effects of format, event framing, and branch splitting," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, vol. 95(1), pages 40-65, September.
    3. George J. Stigler, 1957. "Perfect Competition, Historically Contemplated," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 65, pages 1.
    4. Ekelund, Robert B, Jr & Hebert, Robert F, 1999. "The Dupuit-Marshall Theory of Competitive Equilibrium," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 66(262), pages 225-40, May.
    5. Keith Tribe, 1999. "Adam Smith: Critical Theorist?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(2), pages 609-632, June.
    6. Victor E. Smith, 1951. "The Classicists' Use of "Demand"," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 59, pages 242.
    7. Charles G. Leathers & J. Patrick Raines, 2008. "Adam Smith on Religion and Market Structure: The Search for Consistency," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 40(2), pages 345-363, Summer.
    8. Jimena Hurtado Prieto, 2003. "La Teoría del Valor de Adam Smith: La Cuestión de los precios naturales y sus interpretaciones," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID, June.
    9. R. Donald, 1997. "Adam Smith and the Natural Wage: Sympathy, Subsistence and Social Distance," Review of Social Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 55(3), pages 292-311.
    10. E. Paul Durrenberger, 2005. "Labour," Chapters, in: A Handbook of Economic Anthropology, chapter 8 Edward Elgar.
    11. Tony Aspromourgos, 2007. "Adam Smith's Treatment of Market Prices and Their Relation to «Supply» and «Demand»," History of Economic Ideas, Fabrizio Serra Editore, Pisa - Roma, vol. 15(3), pages 27-57.
    12. Richard Arena, 1979. "Note sur la conception classique de la concurrence," Cahiers d'Économie Politique, Programme National Persée, vol. 5(1), pages 119-148.
    13. Brian Loasby, 2002. "Content and method: an epistemic perspective on some historical episodes," The European Journal of the History of Economic Thought, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(1), pages 72-95.
    14. Richard Arena & Claude Froeschle & Dominique Torre, 1988. "Formation des prix et équilibre classique : un examen préliminaire," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 39(6), pages 1097-1118.
    15. Amos Witztum, 2008. "Smith's theory of actions and the moral significance of unintended consequences," The European Journal of the History of Economic Thought, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(3), pages 401-432.
    16. Nathan Rosenberg, 1960. "Some Institutional Aspects of the Wealth of Nations," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 68, pages 557.
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