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Política agraria y desarrollo rural en Costa Rica: elementos para su definición en el nuevo entorno internacional
[Agrarian policies and rural development in Costa Rica: definitions elements in the new international context]

Author

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  • Mora-Alfaro, Jorge

Abstract

In the last two decades, the Costa Rican rural areas have been under considerable transformations. The changes occurred in the international context and the reorientation of the economic policies executed in the country, provoked the loom up of a more diverse productive structure and the enhancement of inequalities between the different agricultural producers groups. The extraordinary scientific and technological developments current in the contemporary society, the big differences in the knowledge generation or in the access of it, the Southern nation’s economic aperture trends and the persistence of diverse producers´ protection mechanism in the Northern countries; as well as the stimulus to agricultural and agro-industrial production for the international market, and the efforts to attract external investment, are some of the conditional factors of large rural areas modifications. The difficulties of numerous families to survive is dedicated exclusively to agricultural activities; the increase of the rural non-agricultural productive activities (tourism, services, agribusiness); the growth of rural non-agricultural employment, and the expansion of the rural areas multifunctionality, reduce the effectiveness of the prevailing perspectives, exclusively centered in agriculture, and the definition of sectarian policies and institutional initiatives without an a articulator axis. A territorial perspective adoption and the agricultural and environmental policies´ redefinition, oriented to respond to the new conditions of rural areas, are necessary measures to stimulate the productive activities´ growth, to encourage the advance of different country regions and to promote rural wellbeing. The rural social actors´ participation in these processes is a crucial factor to respond to the needs and particular demands of the diverse territories, and to promote local development in the rural spaces.

Suggested Citation

  • Mora-Alfaro, Jorge, 2005. "Política agraria y desarrollo rural en Costa Rica: elementos para su definición en el nuevo entorno internacional
    [Agrarian policies and rural development in Costa Rica: definitions elements in the
    ," MPRA Paper 1525, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:1525
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/1525/1/MPRA_paper_1525.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Mora, Jorge & Sumpsi, Jose Maria, 2004. "Desarrollo Rural: Nuevos Enfoques Y Perspectivas," Miscellaneous Papers 11834, Agecon Search.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Rodriguez, Elisa Botella, 2015. "Outward-looking development in Costa Rica: opportunities and problems for small farmers in the early 2000s," Revista Española de Estudios Agrosociales y Pesqueros, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Rural y Marino (formerly Ministry of Agriculture), issue Number 24.
    2. Mora-Alfaro, Jorge, 2013. "Desarrollo rural y ciudadanía social: Territorios, instituciones y actores locales
      [Rural Development and Social Citizenship: Territories, Institutions and Local Actors]
      ," MPRA Paper 46671, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Mora-Alfaro, Jorge, 2005. "Desarrollo socioeconómico y pobreza en América Latina y el Caribe
      [Socio Economic Development and poverty in Latin America and the Caribbean]
      ," MPRA Paper 1529, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Agrarian policies; Rural Development; Costa Rica;

    JEL classification:

    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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