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Borders and economic growth: The case of Sabah and her neighbours


  • Habibullah, M.S.
  • Dayang-Afizzah, A.M.


Disparity in income across states and regions in Malaysia continues to be a matter of concern. The purpose of the present study is to investigate empirically the question of whether the economic development of the state of Sabah has an impact on her neighbouring countries or vice versa, the growth of her neighbouring countries have causal effect on the growth of the state of Sabah. Using annual data for the period 1983 to 2003, our results from employing the ARDL bounds testing approach indicate that the growth of the state of Sabah is affected by the growth of Brunei Darussalam, Sarawak, and Kalimantan Timur. Further, the growth of the state of Sabah has an impact on her neighbouring states, country and provinces during the period under study.

Suggested Citation

  • Habibullah, M.S. & Dayang-Afizzah, A.M., 2008. "Borders and economic growth: The case of Sabah and her neighbours," MPRA Paper 12104, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:12104

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. M. Hashem Pesaran & Yongcheol Shin & Richard J. Smith, 2001. "Bounds testing approaches to the analysis of level relationships," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(3), pages 289-326.
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    Cited by:

    1. Kasim Mansur & Sidah Idris, 2016. "Economics Integration and Cooperating in Borneo towards Sustainable Economic Development: Towards Poverty Eradication," International Journal of Economics and Empirical Research (IJEER), The Economics and Social Development Organization (TESDO), vol. 4(1), pages 46-59, January.

    More about this item


    economic growth; Sabah; granger causality;

    JEL classification:

    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure

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