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[Soft Budget Constraints and Higher Education Sector Financial Distress]


  • Huang, Weiting


This article modeled the soft budget constrains of higher education schools in the framework of Dewatripont & Maskin(1995). The main conclusion is that the prevalent university financial distress in China should be attributed to the soft budget constrains. From the model, the author conclude several approach to hardening the budget constrain of universities, there are concerned to the appointment of university leaders and the incentive system, universities mergers and the freedom of accessing to the credit market. Additionally, the conclusions also rebut the highly argued insufficient input causation and the wrong idea that solving the financial distress by universities mergers.

Suggested Citation

  • Huang, Weiting, 2007. "预算软约束与高等学校财务困境
    [Soft Budget Constraints and Higher Education Sector Financial Distress]
    ," MPRA Paper 11501, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:11501

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Janet Mitchell, 2000. "Theories of Soft Budget Constraints and the Analysis of Banking Crises," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 8(1), pages 59-100, March.
    2. Guofu Tan & Justin Yifu Lin, 1999. "Policy Burdens, Accountability, and the Soft Budget Constraint," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(2), pages 426-431, May.
    3. Kornai, J, 1979. "Resource-Constrained versus Demand-Constrained Systems," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(4), pages 801-819, July.
    4. J. Kornai & E. Maskin & G. Roland., 2004. "Understanding the Soft Budget Constraint," VOPROSY ECONOMIKI, N.P. Redaktsiya zhurnala "Voprosy Economiki", vol. 12.
    5. Yingyi Qian & Chenggang Xu, 1998. "Innovation and Bureaucracy Under Soft and Hard Budget Constraints," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 65(1), pages 151-164.
    6. Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1994. "Politicians and Firms," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 109(4), pages 995-1025.
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    More about this item


    Soft budget constrains; Financial distress; Universities;

    JEL classification:

    • P36 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty
    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid


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