IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

How the West is Underdeveloping Itself


  • Samaha, Amal


This essay deals with the history of development discourse, recurring problems, and its present day manifestations. It argues that the deindustrialisation of the core and concomitant hollowing-out of political institutions belies several truisms of development discourse, and that a new "relational" model of development is required. This relational model recognises two distinct forms of development: autogenous (that which requires the exploitation of domestic workers) and parasitic (that which depends on unequal exchange and export specialisation). Finally it is argued that a socialist development programme must be ambivalent to "growth," and instead the core and periphery must pursue different forms of development together.

Suggested Citation

  • Samaha, Amal, 2021. "How the West is Underdeveloping Itself," MPRA Paper 107979, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:107979

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: original version
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jean Arcand & Enrico Berkes & Ugo Panizza, 2015. "Too much finance?," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 20(2), pages 105-148, June.
    2. Samaha, Amal, 2020. "Innovators, Bullshitters or Aristocrats: Towards an Explanation of Unproductive Work," MPRA Paper 107169, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Gunnar Myrdal, 1974. "What Is Development?," Journal of Economic Issues, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(4), pages 729-736, December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Lo Turco, Alessia & Maggioni, Daniela & Zazzaro, Alberto, 2019. "Financial dependence and growth: The role of input-output linkages," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 162(C), pages 308-328.
    2. Jan Fagerberg & Martin Srholec, 2017. "Global Dynamics, Capabilities and the Crisis," Economic Complexity and Evolution, in: Andreas Pyka & Uwe Cantner (ed.), Foundations of Economic Change, pages 83-106, Springer.
    3. Tongurai, Jittima & Vithessonthi, Chaiporn, 2018. "The impact of the banking sector on economic structure and growth," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 193-207.
    4. Christopher F Baum & Mustafa Caglayan & Bing Xu, 2017. "The Impact of Uncertainty on Financial Institutions," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 939, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 20 Sep 2018.
    5. Florentina Melnic & Daniel Juravle, 2020. "Governance And Access To Finance," Review of Economic and Business Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, issue 25, pages 151-168, June.
    6. E. Ninlias & G. Torre, 2017. "Euro banknotes and coins in France in 2016," Quarterly selection of articles - Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 47, pages 5-14, Autumn.
    7. Klagge Britta & Zademach Hans-Martin, 2018. "International capital flows, stock markets, and uneven development: the case of Sub-Saharan Africa and the Sustainable Stock Exchanges Initiative (SSEI)," Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsgeographie, De Gruyter, vol. 62(2), pages 92-107, May.
    8. Jaison Chireshe, 2021. "Finance and Renewable Energy Development Nexus: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 11(1), pages 318-325.
    9. Singh, Nirvikar, 2018. "Financial Inclusion: Concepts, Issues and Policies for India," MPRA Paper 91047, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Bruno Bonizzi & Christina Laskaridis & Jan Toporowski, 2015. "EU Development Policy And The Promotion Of The Financial Sector," Working papers wpaper120, Financialisation, Economy, Society & Sustainable Development (FESSUD) Project.
    11. Pedro S. Amaral & Dean Corbae & Erwan Quintin, 2020. "Cash‐Flow Tranching And The Macroeconomy," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 61(4), pages 1815-1843, November.
    12. Robert Stewart & Murshed Chowdhury & Vaalmikki Arjoon, 2021. "Bank stability and economic growth: trade-offs or opportunities?," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 61(2), pages 827-853, August.
    13. Pisany Paweł, 2016. "Comparative Models of Capitalism in the Areas of Financial System and Corporate Governance – the Diversity of Capitalism Approach Perspective," International Journal of Management and Economics, Warsaw School of Economics, Collegium of World Economy, vol. 52(1), pages 59-76, December.
    14. Marta de la Cuesta-González & Cristina Ruza & José M. Rodríguez-Fernández, 2020. "Rethinking the Income Inequality and Financial Development Nexus. A Study of Nine OECD Countries," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(13), pages 1-18, July.
    15. Anna Ivanova & Rodrigo Mariscal & Joyce Wong & Dyna Heng & Ms. Uma Ramakrishnan, 2016. "Advancing Financial Development in Latin America and the Caribbean," IMF Working Papers 2016/081, International Monetary Fund.
    16. Hasan, Iftekhar & Horvath, Roman & Mares, Jan, 2020. "Finance and wealth inequality," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 108(C).
    17. Beck, T.H.L. & Hoseini, M., 2014. "Informality and Access to Finance : Evidence from India," Other publications TiSEM 00e890f4-bd1a-46ba-9064-7, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    18. Klein, Paul-Olivier & Weill, Laurent, 2022. "Bank profitability and economic growth," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 183-199.
    19. Berger, Allen N. & Molyneux, Phil & Wilson, John O.S., 2020. "Banks and the real economy: An assessment of the research," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
    20. Gola, Carlo & Ilari, Antonio, 2015. "Financial innovation oversight: a policy framework," Journal of Financial Perspectives, EY Global FS Institute, vol. 3(1), pages 59-100.

    More about this item


    Development; Growth; Socialism; Underdevelopment; Walter Rodney; Imperialism;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • B24 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought since 1925 - - - Socialist; Marxist; Scraffian
    • F19 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Other
    • N1 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:107979. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Joachim Winter (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.