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Finance and Wealth Inequality

Author

Listed:
  • Iftekhar Hasan

    (Fordham University
    Bank of Finland)

  • Roman Horvath

    (Institute of Economic Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Charles University in Prague, Smetanovo nabrezi 6, 111 01 Prague 1, Czech Republic)

  • Jan Mares

    (Institute of Economic Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Charles University in Prague, Smetanovo nabrezi 6, 111 01 Prague 1, Czech Republic)

Abstract

Using a global sample, this paper investigates the determinants of wealth inequality capturing various economic, financial, political, institutional, and geographical indicators. Using instrumental variable Bayesian model averaging, it reveals that only a handful of indicators robustly matter and finance plays a key role. It reports that while financial depth increases wealth inequality, efficiency and access to finance reduce inequality. In addition, redistribution and education are associated with lower inequality whereas wars and openness to international trade contribute to greater wealth inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Iftekhar Hasan & Roman Horvath & Jan Mares, 2018. "Finance and Wealth Inequality," Working Papers IES 2018/35, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised Dec 2018.
  • Handle: RePEc:fau:wpaper:wp2018_35
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

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    6. Henri Njangang & Alim Beleck & Sosson Tadadjeu & Brice Kamguia, 2021. "Do ICTs drive wealth inequality? Evidence from a dynamic panel analysis," Working Papers 21/057, European Xtramile Centre of African Studies (EXCAS).
    7. Biruk Birhanu Ashenafi & Yan Dong, 2022. "Financial Inclusion, Fintech, and Income Inequality in Africa," FinTech, MDPI, vol. 1(4), pages 1-12, November.
    8. Biruk B. Ashenafi & Dong Yan, 2023. "Financial intermediation, inclusion, Fintech, and income inequality in Africa: Robust evidence from the supply and demand side data," Economic Notes, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena SpA, vol. 52(2), July.
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    10. Simplice A. Asongu & Beatrice D. Simo-Kengne, 2022. "Demographic Change and Wealth Inequality: Global Evidence," Working Papers of the African Governance and Development Institute. 22/085, African Governance and Development Institute..
    11. Njangang, Henri & Beleck, Alim & Tadadjeu, Sosson & Kamguia, Brice, 2022. "Do ICTs drive wealth inequality? Evidence from a dynamic panel analysis," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(2).
    12. Henri Njangang & Alim Beleck & Sosson Tadadjeu & Brice Kamguia, 2021. "Do ICTs drive wealth inequality? Evidence from a dynamic panel analysis," Working Papers of the African Governance and Development Institute. 21/057, African Governance and Development Institute..
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    14. Lučivjanská, Katarína & Lyócsa, Štefan & Radvanský, Marek & Širaňová, Mária, 2022. "Return adjusted charge ratios: What drives fees and costs of pension schemes?," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 48(C).
    15. Victoria I. Okafor & Isaiah O. Olurinola & Ebenezer Bowale & Romanus Osabohien, 2023. "Financial development and income inequality in Africa," Palgrave Communications, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 10(1), pages 1-10, December.
    16. Sosson Tadadjeu & Henri Njangang & Simplice Asongu & Yann Nounamo, 2021. "Natural resources and wealth inequality: a cross-country analysis," Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, vol. 39(3), pages 596-608, July.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Wealth inequality; finance; Bayesian model averaging;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth

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