Money Demand in Romania
Finding a stable money demand relationship is considered essential for the formulation and conduction of an efficient monetary policy. Consequently, numerous theoretical and empirical studies have been conducted in both developed and developing countries to evaluate the determinants and the stability of the demand for money function for various monetary aggregates. This paper briefly reviews the theoretical work, tracing the contributions of several researchers beginning from the classical economists, and explains relevant empirical issues in modelling and estimating money demand function for Romania. The paper models the empirical relationship between broader definition of money, output, interest rates, inflation and exchange rate in Romania and examines the constancy of this relationship, especially in the light of financial reform and deregulation of financial markets. The demand for broad money in Romania has been stable between 1996 and 2002 despite of a pronounced financial liberalization. The analysis suggests that, in Romania in the long run the inflation is weakly exogenous for the money demand, which means that inflation is not a monetary phenomenon.
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