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Mobility and Conflict

  • Sourav Bhattacharya
  • Joyee Deb
  • Tapas Kundu

We study the role of inter-group differences in the emergence of conflict. In our setting, two groups compete for the right to allocate societyÕs resources, and we allow for costly inter-group mobility. The winning group offers an allocation, that the opposition can either accept, or reject and wage conflict. Expropriating a large share of resources increases political strength by attracting opposition members, but such economic exclusion implies lower per capita shares and higher risk of conflict. In equilibrium, allocations are non-monotonic in the cost of mobility. Moreover, limited commitment with respect to mobility gives rise to inefficient conflict in equilibrium.

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File URL: http://www.ewi-ssl.pitt.edu/econ/files/faculty/wp/120207_wp_BhattacharyaSourav_MobilityandConflict.pdf
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Paper provided by University of Pittsburgh, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 455.

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Date of creation: Dec 2011
Date of revision: Mar 2013
Handle: RePEc:pit:wpaper:455
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